eSTAR LoI Draft

eSTAR LoI v31 a few clean-up, 10/05/2013

eSTAR LoI v30 with improved figure quality compared to v28, 09/30/2013

v28, for submission 09/29/2013

v23, implement comments from Collaboration, ALD and PHENIX
, 09/26/2013

v17, to the collaboration, 09/16/2013

zip file for all figures used in eSTAR LoI 09/24/2013

v14 to the eSTAR LoI committee -- 09/15/2013

Executive summary - initial draft dated 09/13/2013

Latest verion in 09/09/2013, eSTAR-LoI_v9 - comments sought and welcome, preferrably by 09/12/2013


Second draft dated: 08/26/2013 9AM

First draft dated: 08/25/2013 9PM

high resolution version: 

Section I: Introduction

update version:

Section II: Physics Highlights from EIC whitepaper and eSTAR Performance

DVCS figures

Latest versioin from Zhenyu

Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) provide invaluable information on how quarks and gluons are distributed inside the nucleon in the three-dimensional longitudinal momentum and transverse impact parameter space. GPDs may also provide the unique access to the total angular momenta of quarks and gluons in the nucleon and solve the nucleon spin puzzle. The deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) process is the theoretically cleanest channel to access the GPDs. As shown in [reference to the EIC white paper], the EIC machine is an ideal place to perform DVCS measurements accessing gluon and sea quark GPDs.

MC studies have been performed to examine the performance of the anticipated eSTAR detector for DVCS measurements using the MILOU generator [reference to MILOU]. While electrons and photons can be detected by the calorimeters and/or tracking detectors, protons by Roman Pot stations (RPs) covering 0.03<-t<2 GeV2, the exclusivity of the measurement will be assured by the full azimuthal coverage in -4<η<5.2 of the eSTAR detector. It has been found that a good acceptance in the x-Q2 plane can be achieved with the eSTAR detector setup, which is essential in examining scaling evolution effects predicted by the perturbative QCD theory and to extract gluon GPDs from such effects. Shown in Figure 1 are measurements of differential DVCS cross-sections and transverse target spin asymmetry projected on 1 fb-1 of data collected by the eSTAR detector in certain kinematic phase spaces.  The main background contribution to DVCS cross-section measurements is from the well-known Bethe-Heitler (BH) process. The latter is subtracted and a 3% uncertainty on its contribution is propagated into DVCS cross-section measurements. Other background contributions include low multiplicity diffractive meson production and π0/η semi-inclusive DIS production. Such background contributions to the DVCS measurements were found to be negligible by the HERA experiments. They are not considered here as the eSTAR calorimeter in general has better spatial resolutions than the ones in the HERA experiments. As can be seen in Figure 1, some decent DVCS measurements can be performed by the eSTAR experiment at the Phase-I eRHIC machine.

Diffractive Vector Meson figures

Diffractive vector meson production, e+Ae+A’+V where V=J/ψ, φ, ρ, or γ, is a unique process, because it allows the measurement of the momentum transfer, t, at the hadronic vertex even in e+A collisions where the 4-momentum of the outgoing nuclei cannot be measured. Since only one new final state particle is created,the process is experimentally clean and can be unambiguously identified by the presence of a rapidity gap. J/ψ with its compact dipole size is not particularly sensitive to the gluon saturation. Larger mesons such as φ or ρ are considerably more sensitive to saturation effects. We have carried out the simulation of these vector meson productions in the diffractive processes. Instead of deriving |t| from the 4-momentum of the scattered electron and the created vector mesons, an approximation using the transverse momenta of these two particles |t|=(pxe’+pxV)2+(pye’+pyV)2 is found to achieve good absolute value and resolution. The achieved resolution of st/t~=2.5% is shown to be able to allow eSTAR measurement to clearly follow the input diffractive pattern required in EIC whitepaper.

Dihadron correlation figures

Latest version from J.H. Lee

Dihadron Correlation at 10X100 Q2=1 y=0.7 with STAR tracking smearing


Energy Loss figures

F2 g1 figures

SIDIS figures

Section III: Detector Configuration and Components

First version: 08/27 3AM

i) current detector layout

ii) additional detector components by ~2020 (before RHIC completion) iTPC, FCS and RP II

iii) proposed detector upgrades for eSTAR ETOF, ETRD, BSO (CEMC)

iv) known performances and detector resolutions, and how they meet the EIC requirement
possibly two tables (one on detector list and eta coverage, capabilities
second table on specific electron, hadron PID coverages to be used in other sections

v)possible options and improvements other than the baseline eSTAR components
a) mainly item is the inner tracker (HFT') b)trigger components etc...

vi) IR design and impacts on detector and luminosity for eSTAR

Section IV: Simulations

Latest version from Renee and Ming
simulation of iTPC tracking comparisons between global vs primary tracks;

Fast Smearing Code:

Parametrization as outlined in eSTAR LoI section3,4 (Table 3.1).

HIJING iTPC from Hui Wang:

eSTAR electron primary (beamline constraint) vs global from Ming Shao

The conclusion is that our parametrization (linear term, slope) is close to
global track, the primary tracks (with beamline constraint) is much better. 


version 1.0

Section V: R&D Projects

R&D projects:
iTPC: populate inner sector padplane and electronics design, mechanic design reducing material
FCS: W-fiber EMC+Sandwich HCAL with SiPMT readout
GEM base TRD
BSO based Crystal EMC: production and test
Endcap TOF: mechnic design, readout design

Other related activities (EIC R&D) possible for eSTAR:

GEM based mini-drift TPC
low mass tracking (GEM?)
Electron PID (Cherenkov)

Section VI: Collaboration Evolution

cost and schedule (what goes into Table 6.1):

total project cost and technical driven schedule

See also discussions at eSTAR meeting in April 2013:

estimate and projection:


Total area coverage approximately 1/2*BTOF and 1/2*MTD,
project cost for BTOF = 8M$, MTD=3M$;
channel# between 1/2*BTOF and MTD;

total chamber area GTRD = 1/8*ALICE TRD
Using iTPC electronics;

Talk by Yifei Zhang at Purdue meeting in July 2013: