Other Groups


Focus groups, special topics or activity groups are NOT Physics Working Group (PWG) and hence, do not have publications or paper authorities.

Many of those topics are however of general interrest for a few PWG. The relation between activity groups and the respective PWG will be documented here as groups are created.

Parity violation

STAR search for local strong parity violation in heavy ion collisions

Group members:

  • Wayne State U.
    Sergei Voloshin (bulkcorr/ebye)
  • Indiana U.
    Ilya Selyuzhenkov (drupal)
  • BNL
    Vasily Dzordzhadze (wasikos)
    Ron Longacre
    Yannis Semertzidis
    Paul Sorensen
  • UCLA
    Dhevan Gangadharan (bulkcorr)
    Gang Wang (bulkcorr)
  • Yale U.
    Jack Sandweiss
    Evan Finch (bulkcorr)
    Alexey Chikanian
    Richard Majka
  • LBNL
    Jim Thomas (jhthomas)
  • MEPhI
    Vitaly Okorokov


Parity group meetings

2010 meetings

September 22, 14:00-15:30 EST: EVO meeting information

2009 meetings

September 24, 14:00-15:30 EST; 510-486-7720

September 10, 14:00-15:30 EST; 510-486-7720

September 03, 14:00-15:30 EST; 510-486-7720

August 13, 14:00-15:30 EST; 510-486-7720

July 23, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

July 16, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

June 18, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

June 04, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

May 28, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

May 21, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

May 14, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-8261

April 30, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

April 23, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

April 16, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

April 9, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

March 19, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-8261

March 12, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

March 5, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

February 26, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

February 19, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

February 12, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

February 05, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

January 29, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

January 22, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

January 15, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-2261

January 08, 14:00-15:30 EST; 631-344-6363

2008 meetings

December 22, 15:00pm; EVO STAR/parity room

December 15, 15:30pm EVO STAR/parity room

December 08, 11:00am EVO STAR/parity room

December 01, 11:00am phone 631-344-2261

November 21, 12:00pm phone 631-344-8261

November 05, 1:30pm phone 631-344-2261

October 20, 3:30pm phone 631 344 2261

September 24, 4:00pm phone 631 344 6261

September 16, 10:00am phone 631 344 2261

July 1, 10:30AM phone 877 322 9648, the participant code is 298859.

May 30, 1:30-3:00pm phone 631 344 6261

March 29, 11:00AM-5:00pm phone 631 344 6261 BNL meeting, Room 1-188

January 17, 4:00pm phone 631 344 6363

2007 meetings (list incomplete)

December 25, 2:00pm phone 631 344 8383

Parity paper proposal

Azimuthal Charged-Particle Correlations
and Possible Local Strong Parity Violation

Published in Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 251601 (2009)

Parity-odd domains, corresponding to nontrivial topological solutions of the QCD vacuum,
might be created during relativistic heavy-ion collisions.
These domains are predicted to lead to charge separation of quarks along the system’s orbital momentum axis.
We investigate a three-particle azimuthal correlator which is a P even observable,
but directly sensitive to the charge separation effect.
We report measurements of charged hadrons near center-of-mass rapidity
with this observable in Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at √sNN=200  GeV using the STAR detector.
A signal consistent with several expectations from the theory is detected.
We discuss possible contributions from other effects that are not related to parity violation.

Observation of charge-dependent azimuthal correlations
and possible local strong parity violation in heavy-ion collision

Published in Phys. Rev. C 81, 054908 (2010)

Parity (P)-odd domains, corresponding to nontrivial topological solutions of the QCD vacuum,
might be created during relativistic heavy-ion collisions.
These domains are predicted to lead to charge separation of quarks
along the orbital momentum of the system created in noncentral collisions.
To study this effect, we investigate a three-particle mixed-harmonics azimuthal correlator
which is a P-even observable, but directly sensitive to the charge-separation effect.
We report measurements of this observable using the STAR detector in Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions at √sNN=200 and 62 GeV.
The results are presented as a function of collision centrality,
particle separation in rapidity, and particle transverse momentum.
A signal consistent with several of the theoretical expectations is detected in all four data sets.
We compare our results to the predictions of existing event generators and
discuss in detail possible contributions from other effects that are not related to P violation.

Data & figures

Principal authors

  • Wayne State: Sergei Voloshin
  • Indiana: Ilya Selyuzhenkov
  • BNL: Vasily Dzordzhadze, Ron Longacre, Yannis Semertzidis, Paul Sorensen
  • UCLA: Gang Wang, Dhevan Gangadharan
  • Yale: Jack Sandweiss, Evan Finch, Alexey Chikanian, Richard Majka
  • LBNL: Jim Thomas
  • MEPhI: Vitaly Okorokov

GPC members

  • Carl Gagliardi, Chair
  • Ernst Sichtermann, Member
  • Peter Seyboth, Member
  • Mike Lisa, PWG representative
  • Spencer Klein, English/Grammar QA
  • Jin-Hui Chen, Analysis Code QA
  • Sergei Voloshin, PA Representative
  • Jack Sandweiss, PA Representative

Collaboration Comments

GPC Comments

Support document

PRC paper draft version history

Source files: LaTeX and macros
Previous versions:
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31 32 prc2

PRL paper draft version history

Source files: LaTeX and macros
Previous versions:
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18toPRL

PRC data

Data points and figures for the paper titled:
"Observation of charge-dependent azimuthal correlations and
possible local strong parity violation in heavy ion collisions

Figure 1: png, eps

Figure 2a: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2c)*RefMult (Au+Au@200GeV, RFF)
RefMult a+,b+,c- stat err a-,b-,c- stat err a-,b-,c+ stat err a+,b+,c+ stat err a+,b-,c- stat err a+,b-,c+ stat err
15 -0.00232407 0.000829793 0.000119327 0.00138676 -0.000155248 0.000836209 0.000377743 0.00134908 0.00231604 0.000591495 0.00114578 0.000585172
45 -0.00220487 0.000277435 -0.00154608 0.000300603 -0.00166599 0.000281433 -0.0014893 0.000290075 0.00020804 0.000198749 0.000580582 0.000196687
75 -0.00224734 0.000235853 -0.00207896 0.000248034 -0.00228668 0.000241471 -0.00231991 0.000239425 0.00036892 0.000170228 0.000448703 0.000168455
105 -0.00289638 0.000226039 -0.00233147 0.000236072 -0.00241574 0.000230331 -0.0026543 0.000227916 0.000387332 0.000163583 0.000249001 0.000161912
135 -0.00262571 0.000222697 -0.00235069 0.000230554 -0.00296293 0.000226604 -0.00291115 0.000223666 0.000210685 0.000160256 6.98659e-05 0.00015921
165 -0.00279487 0.000218518 -0.00256624 0.000226913 -0.00262333 0.000224352 -0.00291613 0.000220794 -0.000146566 0.000159207 9.08978e-05 0.000158999
195 -0.00295961 0.000219526 -0.00246627 0.000226296 -0.00275933 0.000224655 -0.0028007 0.000219746 1.59922e-05 0.000158547 8.94614e-05 0.000159038
225 -0.00260667 0.000214571 -0.00231615 0.000223414 -0.00217615 0.000219907 -0.00258728 0.000215569 -0.000133701 0.000157142 -3.46813e-06 0.000156503
255 -0.00192389 0.000215148 -0.00231561 0.000219962 -0.00208204 0.000219112 -0.00221258 0.000212905 0.000163299 0.000154749 0.000284978 0.000154216
285 -0.00219529 0.000208311 -0.00166138 0.000216016 -0.00199152 0.000213699 -0.00186841 0.000207701 -6.27691e-05 0.000152382 1.29396e-05 0.000150959
315 -0.00270664 0.000205232 -0.00209181 0.000212923 -0.00192307 0.000210769 -0.0021717 0.000204519 -0.000295788 0.000149399 -0.000228133 0.000148715
345 -0.00180793 0.000199707 -0.0015465 0.000206451 -0.00106008 0.000205592 -0.00122987 0.00019939 -0.000131745 0.000145381 0.000203784 0.000146057
375 -0.00168947 0.000198789 -0.00153055 0.000205673 -0.0011612 0.000202903 -0.00167602 0.000197431 -0.000356638 0.000146453 -7.43794e-05 0.000144508
405 -0.00143713 0.000191464 -0.00121617 0.000197463 -0.000904646 0.000195544 -0.00141614 0.000190911 -0.000269779 0.000140161 4.65348e-05 0.00013893
435 -0.00108155 0.000188747 -0.00106764 0.000195579 -0.000813369 0.000192186 -0.0010527 0.000186647 -0.000391462 0.00013766 -0.000194741 0.00013675
465 -0.000745431 0.000182591 -0.000465976 0.000190779 -0.000162135 0.000189958 -0.000753386 0.000182575 -8.77953e-05 0.000134289 0.000120421 0.00013325
495 -0.000725871 0.000179685 -0.000680639 0.000186129 -0.000581522 0.000182518 -0.000663292 0.000176886 -0.000319672 0.000130575 5.32e-05 0.000128714
525 -0.000798782 0.000177661 -0.000672209 0.00018295 -0.000177874 0.000182432 -0.000499309 0.000175048 -0.000486717 0.00012978 -0.00021756 0.000129396
555 -0.000812354 0.000178516 -0.000743912 0.000185105 0.000146604 0.000181387 -0.000798392 0.000177413 -0.000344484 0.000130837 -5.04185e-07 0.000128817
585 -0.000538112 0.000193801 -0.00034451 0.000201309 0.000328942 0.000199141 -0.000354971 0.000191926 -0.000362969 0.000142144 3.15027e-05 0.000140287
615 -0.000615069 0.000246748 -0.000835844 0.000255874 6.13817e-05 0.000256199 -0.000508298 0.000245614 -0.00064337 0.00018173 -9.52957e-05 0.000180022
645 -0.000836006 0.000395658 -0.000938061 0.000412778 0.000594157 0.000405245 -0.000828964 0.000395171 -0.00061075 0.000295881 -0.000105171 0.000289835
675 -0.000507544 0.000915657 -0.00212875 0.000995109 -0.00113305 0.000952714 0.000193596 0.000840556 -0.0015933 0.000670818 -0.000423606 0.000637297

Figure 2b: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2c)*RefMult (Au+Au@200GeV, RFF)
RefMult a+,b+,c- stat err a-,b-,c- stat err a-,b-,c+ stat err a+,b+,c+ stat err a+,b-,c- stat err a+,b-,c+ stat err
15 -0.00119735 0.000782732 0.00141434 0.00130906 -0.00176007 0.000790662 0.000310067 0.00127807 0.00126299 0.000557027 0.0015828 0.00055348
45 -0.0018582 0.000261521 -0.00107675 0.000283461 -0.00145127 0.000265101 -0.00158609 0.000273429 0.000530898 0.000187481 0.000905114 0.000185466
75 -0.00266332 0.00022381 -0.00245264 0.000234264 -0.00288736 0.000226644 -0.00226594 0.000226426 0.000207821 0.000160527 0.000401931 0.000159358
105 -0.00307452 0.000214363 -0.00259794 0.000221475 -0.00254143 0.000216506 -0.00284109 0.000214977 0.000120955 0.000153917 -7.68965e-05 0.000152917
135 -0.00266785 0.000209746 -0.0029161 0.00021775 -0.00278005 0.000213925 -0.00251862 0.000209804 0.000311951 0.000151608 0.000345262 0.000149951
165 -0.00240619 0.000208276 -0.00248683 0.00021448 -0.00253635 0.000212185 -0.00253094 0.000208382 0.000179285 0.00015089 0.000178993 0.000149726
195 -0.00288223 0.000206074 -0.00257086 0.000211281 -0.00291019 0.000209375 -0.00280884 0.000205487 -0.000196658 0.000148795 -9.38108e-06 0.00014791
225 -0.00202028 0.000202762 -0.00272478 0.000209651 -0.0027715 0.000207847 -0.00257345 0.000202847 3.09283e-05 0.00014773 -5.2055e-06 0.000146131
255 -0.0021495 0.000201407 -0.00237099 0.000205874 -0.0022738 0.000205139 -0.00218616 0.000200559 0.000110512 0.000145917 -4.72896e-05 0.000145991
285 -0.00209165 0.000196196 -0.00190663 0.000202658 -0.00185677 0.000200848 -0.00203046 0.000196446 -6.56069e-05 0.000142769 -3.25727e-05 0.00014249
315 -0.00205665 0.000194764 -0.00196416 0.000199537 -0.00180705 0.000198055 -0.00193224 0.000196714 -1.34144e-05 0.000141358 5.5005e-05 0.000141089
345 -0.00158329 0.000190464 -0.00173496 0.000194188 -0.00152631 0.000192842 -0.00125894 0.00019119 -0.000199262 0.000137769 -2.91883e-06 0.000137282
375 -0.00138797 0.000186862 -0.00142499 0.000190709 -0.00145592 0.000191195 -0.001454 0.00018594 6.99359e-05 0.000135781 4.68298e-05 0.000135455
405 -0.000723951 0.000181713 -0.00100372 0.000185086 -0.00131307 0.000183369 -0.000940146 0.000180194 -7.51175e-06 0.000131871 -0.000139492 0.000131496
435 -0.000766659 0.000178159 -0.00105217 0.000180895 -0.00113949 0.000178557 -0.00136478 0.000176904 -6.56264e-05 0.000129327 -0.000363394 0.000127815
465 -0.000500216 0.000174094 -0.000538272 0.000177052 -0.00103208 0.000175118 -0.00112507 0.000173217 0.000155409 0.000127064 -0.000304409 0.000125367
495 -0.000257138 0.000173719 -0.000884924 0.000173404 -0.000674623 0.000172236 -0.00075774 0.000173421 0.000115562 0.000125306 -0.000285744 0.000124288
525 0.000282244 0.000170412 -0.000657846 0.000170241 -0.000822593 0.000168472 -0.0006236 0.000169028 -3.3225e-05 0.000122343 -0.000391094 0.000121394
555 0.000304678 0.00017222 -0.000187598 0.000172656 -0.000344014 0.000171608 -0.000933102 0.000172892 6.51062e-05 0.000124103 -0.000474486 0.000124162
585 0.000391631 0.00018731 -6.40869e-05 0.000187354 -0.000245166 0.000184335 -0.000729846 0.000186198 5.64022e-05 0.000134461 -0.000417892 0.000134246
615 0.000453731 0.000237114 -0.000511197 0.000236937 -0.000434279 0.00023581 -0.000488006 0.000239164 -0.000138194 0.000172102 -0.000487355 0.000170899
645 0.00048092 0.000389158 -0.000781413 0.000386339 -0.000576723 0.000384747 -0.000666297 0.000382087 -0.000148727 0.000279319 -0.00107329 0.000278086
675 7.2823e-05 0.000827774 -0.00260246 0.00087763 -0.00179739 0.000899376 -6.50901e-05 0.00086316 -0.000651071 0.000623772 -0.00149888 0.000614766

Figure 3a: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2c)*RefMult (Au+Au@200GeV, RFF)
RefMult a+,b+,c- stat err a-,b-,c- stat err a-,b-,c+ stat err a+,b+,c+ stat err a+,b-,c- stat err a+,b-,c+ stat err
15 -0.00172275 0.00080013 0.00165907 0.00131368 0.000623248 0.000805069 0.00101825 0.00128021 0.0020568 0.000572078 0.00143423 0.000565018
45 -0.00184205 0.000253366 -0.00137248 0.000271211 -0.00167964 0.000255719 -0.00131341 0.000262315 0.00047535 0.000181264 0.000593759 0.000179433
75 -0.0017237 0.000214724 -0.00172083 0.00022594 -0.00193095 0.000220501 -0.00184999 0.000217018 0.000503599 0.00015536 0.000695341 0.000153855
105 -0.00249692 0.000205677 -0.002206 0.000214344 -0.00215758 0.000209913 -0.00243708 0.000207611 0.000348464 0.000149361 0.000342232 0.000147678
135 -0.00234744 0.000202329 -0.00242401 0.000208794 -0.00263676 0.000205644 -0.00251081 0.000202884 0.000184445 0.000146182 6.77287e-05 0.000144767
165 -0.00259411 0.000198651 -0.00256004 0.000204897 -0.00258988 0.000203046 -0.00267324 0.000199282 -0.000216846 0.000144054 3.1985e-05 0.000143738
195 -0.00275157 0.000197799 -0.00238245 0.000203841 -0.00255781 0.000202404 -0.00257858 0.00019854 1.98542e-05 0.000143713 5.57649e-05 0.000143816
225 -0.00255286 0.000193256 -0.00219806 0.000200109 -0.00212405 0.000197985 -0.0025023 0.000193377 -0.000153767 0.000141089 -6.39296e-05 0.000140523
255 -0.00191495 0.000192857 -0.00211454 0.00019637 -0.00203684 0.000194866 -0.00207722 0.00018994 0.000260384 0.000138183 0.00031108 0.000137686
285 -0.0019354 0.000184943 -0.00156566 0.000193205 -0.00168024 0.000190711 -0.00181743 0.000184572 -4.06885e-05 0.000135843 -6.29732e-05 0.000134728
315 -0.00232949 0.000181081 -0.00197387 0.000186944 -0.00192706 0.000184839 -0.0020693 0.000179979 -0.000316019 0.000132067 -0.000196438 0.000130973
345 -0.00162844 0.000174959 -0.00151572 0.000180517 -0.00109926 0.000179934 -0.00111012 0.000175306 -0.000137866 0.000128057 9.17983e-05 0.000127926
375 -0.00142334 0.000172901 -0.00160589 0.000177349 -0.00137596 0.000174989 -0.00147865 0.000171104 -0.000217888 0.00012668 -0.000194052 0.000125739
405 -0.00122003 0.000164159 -0.00125859 0.000168965 -0.00108917 0.000166651 -0.00120248 0.000163803 -0.000165251 0.000119772 -3.53924e-05 0.000118757
435 -0.000999969 0.000160169 -0.00105981 0.000165419 -0.00100698 0.000163364 -0.00088948 0.000157516 -0.000369654 0.000116865 -0.000169475 0.000115996
465 -0.000731868 0.000152685 -0.000522984 0.000159238 -0.000384282 0.000158023 -0.000650514 0.000152166 -1.79267e-05 0.000112672 -3.74745e-05 0.000111044
495 -0.000692461 0.000147495 -0.000498443 0.000152654 -0.00046779 0.000148815 -0.000659678 0.000146515 -0.000138287 0.000107551 8.08487e-06 0.000105915
525 -0.000739136 0.000142542 -0.00082652 0.000149037 -0.000758062 0.000147502 -0.000509381 0.000142102 -0.000316743 0.000105259 -0.000413837 0.000104866
555 -0.000636739 0.000141059 -0.00049867 0.000146224 -0.000193691 0.000143602 -0.000599764 0.000139508 -6.71995e-05 0.000103376 -5.38327e-05 0.000101604
585 -0.000293866 0.000152146 -0.000116871 0.000155705 -0.000125367 0.000153155 -0.000158577 0.000149401 7.30972e-05 0.000111202 -3.06928e-05 0.000109161
615 -0.000531198 0.000190419 -0.000132553 0.000195378 -9.22203e-05 0.00019175 -8.14068e-05 0.000187112 -0.000117715 0.000138276 -2.34579e-05 0.000137477
645 -0.000562601 0.000304131 -0.000603966 0.000311056 -0.000124474 0.000307131 -0.000472886 0.000295348 -8.88681e-05 0.000222064 -8.7338e-05 0.000219847
675 0.000284921 0.000671082 -0.00048365 0.000740911 -0.000763021 0.000695172 0.000479815 0.000637069 -0.000553213 0.000498871 -0.000215109 0.000465702

Figure 3b: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2c)*RefMult (Au+Au@200GeV, RFF)
RefMult a+,b+,c- stat err a-,b-,c- stat err a-,b-,c+ stat err a+,b+,c+ stat err a+,b-,c- stat err a+,b-,c+ stat err
15 -0.00118288 0.000755492 0.00274672 0.00124016 -0.000884598 0.000764089 0.00178695 0.00121319 0.00160047 0.000540179 0.00152158 0.000537114
45 -0.00163536 0.000238416 -0.000880577 0.000256172 -0.00116532 0.000241473 -0.00123104 0.000247839 0.000771328 0.00017099 0.00101416 0.000169477
75 -0.00230374 0.000203753 -0.00197382 0.000213289 -0.00244431 0.000206742 -0.0019197 0.000205936 0.000274842 0.000146817 0.000526298 0.000145411
105 -0.00274132 0.000195059 -0.00233448 0.000201449 -0.00217374 0.000197538 -0.00240529 0.000195354 0.00018413 0.000140308 0.000149645 0.000139566
135 -0.00235453 0.000190212 -0.00266574 0.000197239 -0.00266811 0.000194276 -0.00216806 0.000190129 0.000163381 0.000137552 0.000352872 0.000136433
165 -0.0022777 0.000188946 -0.00230513 0.0001945 -0.00233791 0.000192771 -0.00230662 0.000188625 0.00031497 0.0001368 0.000200835 0.000136325
195 -0.00258776 0.000185729 -0.00235919 0.000190521 -0.00253062 0.000189622 -0.00266492 0.000185225 -0.000175253 0.000134631 -2.07776e-05 0.000134228
225 -0.00210831 0.000182691 -0.00269069 0.000188609 -0.00253593 0.000186594 -0.00239405 0.000182461 -9.23975e-05 0.000133059 5.45061e-06 0.000131511
255 -0.00220433 0.000179216 -0.00229314 0.000183813 -0.00189769 0.000182315 -0.0021816 0.000178635 8.62471e-05 0.000131135 -3.98901e-05 0.00013006
285 -0.00200888 0.000173383 -0.00178068 0.000180191 -0.00178207 0.00017847 -0.0021439 0.000173574 8.59283e-06 0.000126951 -6.65482e-06 0.000126458
315 -0.00214803 0.000171576 -0.00180103 0.000175843 -0.0016704 0.00017495 -0.00184886 0.000171578 -0.000293117 0.000124775 -3.07117e-05 0.000124491
345 -0.00150578 0.00016581 -0.00155606 0.000169969 -0.00149854 0.000168561 -0.00138956 0.000166453 -0.000305176 0.00012111 -3.74732e-05 0.000120748
375 -0.00138984 0.000160639 -0.00144675 0.000165994 -0.00134193 0.000165593 -0.00127677 0.000160941 -8.14137e-05 0.000117861 7.185e-05 0.000117081
405 -0.00106732 0.000155193 -0.000853155 0.000160479 -0.00132125 0.00015863 -0.00117253 0.000154124 -0.000169148 0.00011341 -0.000198113 0.000113296
435 -0.00096973 0.00015061 -0.00110841 0.00015356 -0.000978545 0.000152016 -0.00124619 0.00014854 -0.000205668 0.00010943 -0.000169186 0.000108129
465 -0.000865632 0.000144477 -0.000773993 0.000147544 -0.00075589 0.00014658 -0.000988087 0.000144413 -0.000156505 0.000105476 -8.25905e-05 0.000105574
495 -0.000629378 0.000141127 -0.000623762 0.000143276 -0.000515873 0.000141474 -0.000632128 0.000139918 6.58854e-05 0.000102925 0.000142795 0.000101104
525 -0.000381192 0.000137028 -0.000485868 0.000138853 -0.000488811 0.000137325 -0.000378744 0.000136093 -0.000178399 9.94419e-05 -0.000108842 9.83105e-05
555 -0.000316557 0.000134775 -0.000111786 0.000137465 7.7615e-07 0.000136395 -0.000426477 0.000136284 -9.9829e-05 9.84663e-05 -8.30525e-05 9.82943e-05
585 -0.000350289 0.000143513 0.000182359 0.000146112 -9.86412e-05 0.000144097 -0.000557966 0.000142452 -0.00011028 0.000104773 5.28255e-06 0.00010358
615 -0.000153503 0.000178495 -0.000316752 0.000182944 -8.82474e-05 0.000180418 -0.000122322 0.000179179 -0.000180061 0.000131985 -3.1576e-06 0.000131158
645 3.13415e-05 0.000289844 -0.000175759 0.00029405 -0.000132801 0.000293864 -0.000385774 0.000285481 -0.000105264 0.000210399 -0.000282981 0.0002095
675 -0.000961933 0.00061171 -0.00160522 0.000654816 -0.0014611 0.000676154 -0.000172568 0.000632494 -0.000732413 0.000461202 -0.000217323 0.000455566

Figure 4: macro, png, eps

cos(a-b) (Au+Au@200GeV)
centrality a+,b+,RFF stat err a+,b+,FF stat err a+,b+,RFF,rec stat err a+,b+,FF,rec stat err
0-5% -8.86702e-05 3.1494e-06 -2.05859e-05 3.04804e-06 -0.000168495 3.03309e-06 -0.000162705 2.85059e-06
5-10% -0.000119788 3.81749e-06 -7.18677e-05 3.66278e-06 -0.000181148 3.72233e-06 -0.000184491 3.50367e-06
10-20% -0.000155573 3.63068e-06 -0.000113014 3.45109e-06 -0.000201882 3.57819e-06 -0.000201566 3.35781e-06
20-30% -0.000194188 4.78392e-06 -0.000156577 4.53122e-06 -0.00022986 4.74422e-06 -0.00022444 4.46332e-06
30-40% -0.000225746 7.13899e-06 -0.000205466 6.73095e-06 -0.000256026 7.10758e-06 -0.000262823 6.67312e-06
40-50% -0.000307407 1.10278e-05 -0.000280297 1.03934e-05 -0.000335015 1.1001e-05 -0.000328381 1.03454e-05
50-60% -0.00037732 1.8344e-05 -0.000316498 1.73495e-05 -0.000403243 1.83161e-05 -0.000364104 1.72965e-05
60-70% -0.000412856 3.4088e-05 -0.000395875 3.21498e-05 -0.000444464 3.4053e-05 -0.000444511 3.21068e-05
70-80% -0.000395405 7.49043e-05 -0.000502187 7.06954e-05 -0.000443282 7.48502e-05 -0.000558773 7.06495e-05
centrality a-,b-,RFF stat err a-,b-,FF stat err a-,b-,RFF,rec stat err a-,b-,FF,rec stat err
0-5% -4.23982e-05 3.27251e-06 -7.23853e-05 3.04403e-06 -0.000164846 3.09367e-06 -0.000172573 2.90564e-06
5-10% -9.02915e-05 3.95928e-06 -0.000113398 3.69743e-06 -0.000186024 3.81234e-06 -0.00018816 3.58831e-06
10-20% -0.00013322 3.73725e-06 -0.000150212 3.50427e-06 -0.000207119 3.6521e-06 -0.00020764 3.44415e-06
20-30% -0.000169834 4.94047e-06 -0.000183032 4.6365e-06 -0.000226467 4.88231e-06 -0.000224549 4.59557e-06
30-40% -0.000223553 7.33453e-06 -0.000218098 6.90505e-06 -0.000270787 7.28437e-06 -0.000250925 6.87058e-06
40-50% -0.000281438 1.1311e-05 -0.00026869 1.06921e-05 -0.00032191 1.1268e-05 -0.000296577 1.06634e-05
50-60% -0.00031226 1.88279e-05 -0.000306347 1.77804e-05 -0.000350455 1.87885e-05 -0.000332508 1.77539e-05
60-70% -0.000367064 3.50004e-05 -0.00035379 3.30926e-05 -0.000410268 3.49581e-05 -0.000381376 3.3064e-05
70-80% -0.000293759 7.70607e-05 -0.000326476 7.28294e-05 -0.000352523 7.69997e-05 -0.000366779 7.27886e-05
centrality a+,b-,RFF stat err a+,b-,FF stat err a+,b-,RFF,rec stat err a+,b-,FF,rec stat err
0-5% 0.000424939 2.31175e-06 0.000443238 2.19887e-06 0.000346869 2.19632e-06 0.000345933 2.06688e-06
5-10% 0.000489124 2.7938e-06 0.000502678 2.65378e-06 0.000427985 2.69959e-06 0.000426757 2.5451e-06
10-20% 0.000589106 2.64708e-06 0.000606978 2.49965e-06 0.000540889 2.59415e-06 0.000546398 2.43789e-06
20-30% 0.000783002 3.48093e-06 0.000790412 3.28528e-06 0.000745594 3.44144e-06 0.000743832 3.24192e-06
30-40% 0.00105431 5.16729e-06 0.00106415 4.86426e-06 0.00102257 5.13271e-06 0.00102597 4.82798e-06
40-50% 0.0014258 7.90983e-06 0.00143299 7.47055e-06 0.00139831 7.88178e-06 0.00140117 7.43894e-06
50-60% 0.0019712 1.30566e-05 0.00198369 1.22975e-05 0.00194755 1.30298e-05 0.00195394 1.22702e-05
60-70% 0.0027773 2.39013e-05 0.00276417 2.25773e-05 0.00275386 2.387e-05 0.0027375 2.25468e-05
70-80% 0.00367447 5.03999e-05 0.0036616 4.75247e-05 0.00365069 5.03587e-05 0.00363606 4.74887e-05

Figure 5a: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2c), Au+Au@200GeV
centrality a+,b+,c:TPC stat err a+,b-,c:TPC stat err a+,b+,c:FTPC stat err a+,b-,c:FTPC stat err
0-5% -5.96721e-07 5.5117e-08 -2.55699e-07 5.5855e-08 -6.41226e-07 1.81669e-07 2.5831e-08 1.84138e-07
5-10% -1.64821e-06 8.10821e-08 -2.81993e-07 8.21354e-08 -1.13344e-06 2.21699e-07 -2.86037e-07 2.25777e-07
10-20% -4.09157e-06 9.52417e-08 -3.84498e-07 9.65213e-08 -2.60373e-06 2.18703e-07 -4.76965e-07 2.22735e-07
20-30% -8.60045e-06 1.54341e-07 -3.58936e-07 1.56032e-07 -5.79343e-06 3.10131e-07 -6.92628e-07 3.15673e-07
30-40% -1.49098e-05 2.71298e-07 -2.32776e-07 2.7367e-07 -9.55976e-06 4.98736e-07 -1.70223e-06 5.03745e-07
40-50% -2.27881e-05 4.88193e-07 1.25892e-06 4.88311e-07 -1.41551e-05 8.54669e-07 -3.76008e-07 8.54506e-07
50-60% -3.21049e-05 9.74197e-07 4.20594e-06 9.66534e-07 -2.08122e-05 1.65346e-06 3.58043e-07 1.64207e-06
60-70% -3.54594e-05 2.33159e-06 1.36972e-05 2.26937e-06 -1.64447e-05 3.84159e-06 6.90105e-06 3.75026e-06
70-80% -4.33681e-05 7.88093e-06 5.24459e-05 7.18626e-06 -2.70608e-05 1.23561e-05 2.88167e-05 1.15359e-05

Figure 5b: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2c)/v2c, Au+Au@200GeV
centrality a+,b+,c:TPC stat err a+,b-,c:TPC stat err a+,b+,c:FTPC stat err a+,b-,c:FTPC stat err
0-5% -2.72475e-05 2.51676e-06 -1.16758e-05 2.55046e-06 -6.41226e-05 1.81669e-05 2.5831e-06 1.84138e-05
5-10% -4.84767e-05 2.38477e-06 -8.2939e-06 2.41575e-06 -6.99655e-05 1.36851e-05 -1.76566e-05 1.39369e-05
10-20% -8.43622e-05 1.96375e-06 -7.9278e-06 1.99013e-06 -9.97598e-05 8.37942e-06 -1.82745e-05 8.53391e-06
20-30% -0.000139391 2.50148e-06 -5.81744e-06 2.52889e-06 -0.000163195 8.73608e-06 -1.95107e-05 8.89221e-06
30-40% -0.000212998 3.87569e-06 -3.32537e-06 3.90957e-06 -0.000232033 1.21052e-05 -4.13161e-05 1.22268e-05
40-50% -0.000310464 6.65112e-06 1.71515e-05 6.65273e-06 -0.000330728 1.99689e-05 -8.78524e-06 1.99651e-05
50-60% -0.000449019 1.36251e-05 5.88244e-05 1.3518e-05 -0.000503926 4.00354e-05 8.66932e-06 3.97595e-05
60-70% -0.000531625 3.49563e-05 0.000205355 3.40235e-05 -0.00046985 0.00010976 0.000197173 0.00010715
70-80% -0.000791388 0.000143813 0.000957043 0.000131136 -0.000800617 0.000365565 0.000852566 0.0003413

Figure 6: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2*psi_RP), @200GeV
centrality a+,b+,Au+Au stat err a+,b-,Au+Au stat err a+,b+,Cu+Cu stat err a+,b-,Cu+Cu stat err
0-5% -2.72475e-05 2.51676e-06 -1.16758e-05 2.55046e-06 -8.23628e-05 7.62553e-06 1.92707e-05 7.68691e-06
5-10% -4.84767e-05 2.38477e-06 -8.2939e-06 2.41575e-06 -0.000120783 8.77766e-06 2.76513e-05 8.82822e-06
10-20% -8.43622e-05 1.96375e-06 -7.9278e-06 1.99013e-06 -0.000170984 7.82902e-06 4.28017e-05 7.84248e-06
20-30% -0.000139391 2.50148e-06 -5.81744e-06 2.52889e-06 -0.000268721 1.08416e-05 9.16021e-05 1.08158e-05
30-40% -0.000212998 3.87569e-06 -3.32537e-06 3.90957e-06 -0.000360827 1.69498e-05 0.000133615 1.676e-05
40-50% -0.000310464 6.65112e-06 1.71515e-05 6.65273e-06 -0.000493512 2.87805e-05 0.00025283 2.82131e-05
50-60% -0.000449019 1.36251e-05 5.88244e-05 1.3518e-05 -0.000666972 5.33616e-05 0.000513905 5.13577e-05
60-70% -0.000531625 3.49563e-05 0.000205355 3.40235e-05        

Figure 7: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2*psi_RP), @62GeV
centrality a+,b+,Au+Au stat err a+,b-,Au+Au stat err a+,b+,Cu+Cu stat err a+,b-,Cu+Cu stat err
0-5% -4.23757e-05 9.80556e-06 -9.85927e-06 9.8707e-06 -0.000137923 1.99364e-05 -1.35041e-05 1.9788e-05
5-10% -7.40968e-05 1.3952e-05 -3.4003e-05 1.39647e-05 -0.000133313 2.11755e-05 4.62115e-05 2.09978e-05
10-20% -7.77459e-05 1.37515e-05 1.07891e-06 1.38198e-05 -0.000247374 2.00311e-05 6.3563e-05 1.97561e-05
20-30% -9.68171e-05 2.2324e-05 2.01104e-05 2.23629e-05 -0.000369201 2.80701e-05 4.95976e-05 2.75378e-05
30-40% -0.000265189 3.48369e-05 3.79756e-05 3.4502e-05 -0.000561217 4.33221e-05 8.12112e-05 4.2098e-05
40-50% -0.000293362 5.90266e-05 6.35767e-05 5.87266e-05 -0.000648074 8.48062e-05 0.000255673 8.08942e-05
50-60% -0.000699764 0.000112699 0.000119304 0.000109258 -0.000846257 0.000139251 0.000556567 0.000128056
60-70% -0.000612442 0.000169688 0.000259486 0.00015952        

Figure 8a: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2*psi_RP)*Npart @200GeV
centrality a+,b+,Au+Au stat err a+,b-,Au+Au stat err a+,b+,Cu+Cu stat err a+,b-,Cu+Cu stat err
0-5% -0.00959114 0.0008859 -0.00410986 0.000897761 -0.00905991 0.000838808 0.00211978 0.000845561
5-10% -0.0144461 0.000710661 -0.00247158 0.000719892 -0.0108705 0.000789989 0.00248861 0.00079454
10-20% -0.0197408 0.000459516 -0.00185511 0.00046569 -0.0126528 0.000579348 0.00316732 0.000580344
20-30% -0.023139 0.000415246 -0.000965695 0.000419796 -0.0145109 0.000585448 0.00494651 0.000584054
30-40% -0.0244947 0.000445705 -0.000382417 0.000449601 -0.0137114 0.000644092 0.00507738 0.00063688
40-50% -0.0235953 0.000505486 0.00130351 0.000505608 -0.0128313 0.000748294 0.00657358 0.000733541
50-60% -0.0206549 0.000626756 0.00270592 0.000621826 -0.0113385 0.000907147 0.00873639 0.000873081
60-70% -0.0138223 0.000908865 0.00533923 0.000884612        

Figure 8b: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2*psi_RP)*Npart @200GeV
Npart a+,b+,Au+Au stat err a+,b-,Au+Au stat err
352 -0.00959114 0.0008859 -0.00410986 0.000897761
298 -0.0144461 0.000710661 -0.00247158 0.000719892
234 -0.0197408 0.000459516 -0.00185511 0.00046569
166 -0.023139 0.000415246 -0.000965695 0.000419796
115 -0.0244947 0.000445705 -0.000382417 0.000449601
76 -0.0235953 0.000505486 0.00130351 0.000505608
46 -0.0206549 0.000626756 0.00270592 0.000621826
26 -0.0138223 0.000908865 0.00533923 0.000884612
Npart a+,b+,Cu+Cu stat err a+,b-,Cu+Cu stat err
111 -0.00905991 0.000838808 0.00211978 0.000845561
91 -0.0108705 0.000789989 0.00248861 0.00079454
75 -0.0126528 0.000579348 0.00316732 0.000580344
55 -0.0145109 0.000585448 0.00494651 0.000584054
39 -0.0137114 0.000644092 0.00507738 0.00063688
27 -0.0128313 0.000748294 0.00657358 0.000733541
18 -0.0113385 0.000907147 0.00873639 0.000873081

Figure 9a: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2*psi_RP) Au+Au@200GeV, centrality 30-50%
dEta a+,b+ stat err a+,b- stat err
0.1 -0.000368532 1.93889e-05 4.14406e-05 1.78412e-05
0.2 -0.000389154 1.98726e-05 -8.5758e-06 1.82828e-05
0.3 -0.000347259 2.04233e-05 -2.17184e-05 1.87871e-05
0.4 -0.000337929 2.10514e-05 -3.7387e-05 1.93519e-05
0.5 -0.000320795 2.17202e-05 -4.56147e-05 1.99689e-05
0.6 -0.000253858 2.25244e-05 -4.63337e-05 2.0705e-05
0.7 -0.000243289 2.34104e-05 -4.90444e-05 2.15174e-05
0.8 -0.000194821 2.44235e-05 -2.26662e-05 2.24388e-05
0.9 -0.000128307 2.55614e-05 9.82823e-06 2.34838e-05
1 -0.000139665 2.68826e-05 3.76055e-07 2.46838e-05
1.1 -0.000157202 2.84018e-05 -3.94043e-05 2.60877e-05
1.2 -9.82126e-05 3.02467e-05 -3.87571e-05 2.7755e-05
1.3 -0.00013351 3.24966e-05 -1.094e-05 2.98324e-05
1.4 -5.1006e-05 3.53599e-05 5.02523e-05 3.24443e-05
1.5 -8.56355e-05 3.91444e-05 -4.80189e-05 3.5939e-05
1.6 -7.14253e-06 4.41665e-05 6.23234e-05 4.05038e-05
1.7 -2.42515e-05 5.16733e-05 2.97413e-05 4.74294e-05
1.8 2.20165e-05 6.47772e-05 4.78176e-05 5.94367e-05
1.9 -3.14312e-05 9.57274e-05 0.000111678 8.77715e-05

Figure 9b: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2*psi_RP) Au+Au@200GeV, centrality 10-30%
dEta a+,b+ stat err a+,b- stat err
0.1 -0.000178186 7.71192e-06 9.75064e-07 7.05102e-06
0.2 -0.000181655 7.90414e-06 -2.75075e-05 7.22116e-06
0.3 -0.000158958 8.13093e-06 -2.05733e-05 7.43131e-06
0.4 -0.000149535 8.38016e-06 -1.5047e-05 7.65864e-06
0.5 -0.000120495 8.65929e-06 -2.38375e-05 7.91356e-06
0.6 -8.84987e-05 8.97813e-06 -1.28945e-05 8.2034e-06
0.7 -0.000100496 9.33385e-06 -1.49752e-05 8.52651e-06
0.8 -7.0445e-05 9.73617e-06 -1.47741e-05 8.89398e-06
0.9 -6.66536e-05 1.01883e-05 -1.02612e-05 9.30513e-06
1 -4.44654e-05 1.07066e-05 -8.59089e-06 9.7772e-06
1.1 -4.15335e-05 1.13052e-05 -1.29453e-05 1.03253e-05
1.2 -3.13472e-05 1.20279e-05 4.08344e-06 1.09822e-05
1.3 -2.383e-05 1.29182e-05 -3.67355e-06 1.1798e-05
1.4 7.14438e-07 1.40503e-05 3.31434e-05 1.28203e-05
1.5 -1.60998e-05 1.55438e-05 4.39071e-05 1.41923e-05
1.6 -1.30926e-05 1.75606e-05 4.84666e-06 1.60348e-05
1.7 2.35002e-05 2.06112e-05 3.67761e-05 1.88143e-05
1.8 2.13627e-05 2.59566e-05 -1.99469e-05 2.36932e-05
1.9 2.70098e-05 3.88126e-05 8.37627e-05 3.54448e-05

Figure 10a: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2*psi_RP) Au+Au@200GeV, centrality 30-50%
pt sum a+,b+ stat err a+,b- stat err
0.25 -1.86597e-05 4.82506e-05 0.000131891 4.19935e-05
0.35 -0.000168404 3.47549e-05 3.46201e-05 3.01673e-05
0.45 -0.000207891 3.34171e-05 2.86431e-05 2.89725e-05
0.55 -0.000310941 3.43469e-05 2.34082e-05 2.97232e-05
0.65 -0.000391535 3.63154e-05 -4.26482e-05 3.13792e-05
0.75 -0.000502117 3.98101e-05 -4.886e-05 3.43433e-05
0.85 -0.000540426 4.54117e-05 3.5897e-05 3.90816e-05
0.95 -0.000683329 5.34133e-05 -9.06207e-05 4.58721e-05
1.05 -0.000827452 6.39604e-05 -2.7063e-05 5.48576e-05
1.15 -0.000948429 7.73027e-05 -6.53509e-05 6.61969e-05
1.25 -0.00109269 9.37443e-05 -2.2286e-05 8.02133e-05
1.35 -0.00128669 0.000113811 -0.000143735 9.72948e-05
1.45 -0.00128052 0.000138324 -0.00029832 0.000118159
1.55 -0.00173005 0.00016816 -0.000110469 0.00014353
1.65 -0.00192021 0.000207982 -0.000200126 0.000177373
1.75 -0.00201955 0.000261336 0.000103889 0.000222654
1.85 -0.00216591 0.000331633 0.000207484 0.000282337
1.95 -0.00218459 0.000426053 -0.000256544 0.000362181
2.05 -0.00196731 0.000554984 0.000610387 0.00047096
2.15 -0.00223326 0.00073107 -0.0010659 0.000620133
2.25 -0.00276544 0.000976834 0.000875386 0.000827678

Figure 10b: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2*psi_RP) Au+Au@200GeV, centrality 10-30%
pt sum a+,b+ stat err a+,b- stat err
0.25 -2.06612e-05 2.0454e-05 5.156e-05 1.78039e-05
0.35 -8.44719e-05 1.42973e-05 1.92302e-05 1.24121e-05
0.45 -0.000122139 1.36589e-05 -1.68469e-05 1.18385e-05
0.55 -0.000129366 1.46395e-05 -5.0957e-06 1.26673e-05
0.65 -0.000179707 1.61996e-05 -8.05348e-06 1.40001e-05
0.75 -0.000238254 1.7952e-05 7.53611e-06 1.54954e-05
0.85 -0.000231923 2.0153e-05 -7.95715e-06 1.73638e-05
0.95 -0.000303857 2.33131e-05 -4.30243e-05 2.00503e-05
1.05 -0.00031866 2.79466e-05 -6.67366e-05 2.39755e-05
1.15 -0.00038018 3.43602e-05 -0.000100704 2.94024e-05
1.25 -0.000533262 4.27401e-05 -7.56699e-05 3.65306e-05
1.35 -0.000441765 5.32342e-05 -0.000109938 4.54565e-05
1.45 -0.000682588 6.60442e-05 -0.000144124 5.6375e-05
1.55 -0.000557763 8.14805e-05 -0.000259064 6.95221e-05
1.65 -0.000742154 0.000101524 -0.00010575 8.65791e-05
1.75 -0.000681588 0.000127306 -0.000104356 0.000108487
1.85 -0.000897995 0.000160127 -0.000137981 0.000136411
1.95 -0.00096773 0.000203044 -5.55571e-05 0.000172819
2.05 -0.000611806 0.000260404 8.24887e-05 0.000221367
2.15 -0.00145831 0.00033865 0.000465847 0.000287613
2.25 -0.00136431 0.000447146 0.000802626 0.000379469

Figure 11a: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2*psi_RP) Au+Au@200GeV, centrality 30-50%
delta pt a+,b+ stat err a+,b- stat err
0.15 -0.000570132 4.44496e-05 2.74526e-05 4.44756e-05
0.25 -0.000790017 4.6295e-05 -1.86276e-05 4.63183e-05
0.35 -0.000733443 4.8252e-05 -3.69426e-05 4.82585e-05
0.45 -0.000845225 5.03933e-05 -0.000176756 5.04128e-05
0.55 -0.000892947 5.28601e-05 -3.01604e-05 5.28608e-05
0.65 -0.000791999 5.57771e-05 -1.85454e-05 5.57635e-05
0.75 -0.000765128 5.92857e-05 -2.98023e-05 5.92656e-05
0.85 -0.000718002 6.34974e-05 -3.03018e-05 6.34702e-05
0.95 -0.000670958 6.85775e-05 -5.28269e-05 6.85097e-05
1.05 -0.000780415 7.46191e-05 -4.23097e-05 7.45444e-05
1.15 -0.000616988 8.17619e-05 -6.84859e-05 8.16977e-05
1.25 -0.000745754 9.01446e-05 3.4332e-05 9.00258e-05
1.35 -0.000695117 9.98154e-05 9.91924e-05 9.97415e-05
1.45 -0.000725004 0.000111012 1.29946e-05 0.000110838
1.55 -0.000800796 0.000123795 -0.000108198 0.000123587
1.65 -0.000862672 0.000138104 -0.000243131 0.00013794
1.75 -0.000597527 0.000154241 0.000225452 0.000154038
1.85 -0.000542748 0.000172125 7.15818e-05 0.000171969
1.95 -0.000841824 0.000192031 8.24761e-05 0.000191584
2.05 -0.000529912 0.000213962 -5.01992e-06 0.000213762
2.15 -0.00029975 0.000238872 -0.000244324 0.000238142
2.25 -0.000492216 0.000266899 -6.1186e-05 0.000266489
2.35 -0.00036984 0.000301408 0.000259713 0.000301192

Figure 11b: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2*psi_RP) Au+Au@200GeV, centrality 10-30%
delta pt a+,b+ stat err a+,b- stat err
0.25 -0.000381126 3.33924e-05 -4.03236e-05 3.3405e-05
0.35 -0.000432386 3.42273e-05 -5.67811e-05 3.42288e-05
0.45 -0.000400064 3.50049e-05 -3.30032e-05 3.50135e-05
0.55 -0.000432995 3.57841e-05 -0.000124951 3.57925e-05
0.65 -0.000469921 3.66111e-05 -7.5456e-05 3.66201e-05
0.75 -0.00045287 3.75741e-05 -0.000102602 3.7578e-05
0.85 -0.000428907 3.87401e-05 -5.18942e-05 3.8747e-05
0.95 -0.00037996 4.02101e-05 9.77211e-06 4.02184e-05
1.05 -0.000363232 4.2082e-05 -6.96972e-05 4.20963e-05
1.15 -0.000357043 4.44158e-05 -5.124e-05 4.44274e-05
1.25 -0.000339598 4.73103e-05 -8.84847e-05 4.73008e-05
1.35 -0.000416408 5.07762e-05 -6.66695e-05 5.07721e-05
1.45 -0.000341867 5.48549e-05 0.000109747 5.48451e-05
1.55 -0.000284264 5.95697e-05 -3.10067e-05 5.95747e-05
1.65 -0.000348883 6.48938e-05 7.08809e-05 6.49218e-05
1.75 -0.000355468 7.09345e-05 1.4693e-05 7.08864e-05
1.85 -0.00020167 7.75942e-05 -2.13547e-05 7.7614e-05
1.95 -0.000253686 8.50803e-05 5.45537e-05 8.50582e-05
2.05 -0.000465969 9.35876e-05 -0.000104112 9.35282e-05
2.15 -0.000405194 0.000103704 -9.74389e-05 0.000103674
2.25 -0.000332261 0.000116086 3.03482e-05 0.000115966
2.35 -0.000343455 0.000131657 -4.17877e-05 0.000131409

Figure 12: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2c)*Npart @200GeV
Npart a+,b+,Au+Au stat err a+,b-,Au+Au stat err
352 -0.000210046 1.94012e-05 -9.0006e-05 1.9661e-05
298 -0.000491166 2.41625e-05 -8.40338e-05 2.44763e-05
234 -0.000957427 2.22866e-05 -8.99726e-05 2.2586e-05
166 -0.00142767 2.56207e-05 -5.95834e-05 2.59014e-05
115 -0.00171463 3.11993e-05 -2.67692e-05 3.14721e-05
76 -0.00173189 3.71026e-05 9.56778e-05 3.71116e-05
46 -0.00147682 4.48131e-05 0.000193474 4.44606e-05
26 -0.000921945 6.06213e-05 0.000356127 5.90036e-05
Npart a+,b+,Cu+Cu stat err a+,b-,Cu+Cu stat err
111 -0.000279951 2.59192e-05 6.55011e-05 2.61278e-05
91 -0.000377206 2.74126e-05 8.63549e-05 2.75705e-05
75 -0.00052256 2.39271e-05 0.000130811 2.39682e-05
55 -0.000689268 2.78088e-05 0.000234959 2.77426e-05
39 -0.000706138 3.31708e-05 0.000261485 3.27993e-05
27 -0.000667229 3.89113e-05 0.000341826 3.81441e-05
18 -0.000586202 4.68995e-05 0.000451671 4.51383e-05

Figure 13: macro, png, eps

cos(a+b-2*psi_RP) Au+Au@200GeV
centrality a+,b+ stat err a+,b- stat err
5-10% -4.84767e-05 2.38477e-06 -8.2939e-06 2.41575e-06
10-20% -8.43622e-05 1.96375e-06 -7.9278e-06 1.99013e-06
20-30% -0.000139391 2.50148e-06 -5.81744e-06 2.52889e-06
30-40% -0.000212998 3.87569e-06 -3.32537e-06 3.90957e-06
40-50% -0.000310464 6.65112e-06 1.71515e-05 6.65273e-06
50-60% -0.000449019 1.36251e-05 5.88244e-05 1.3518e-05
60-70% -0.000531625 4.49563e-05 0.000205355 4.40235e-05

Monte-Carlo number for Fig. 13

centrality a+,b+ stat err a+,b- stat err
30-40% -9.93524e-06 4.2788e-06 -6.64e-06 4.74e-06
60-70% 2.135e-05 2.89914e-05 -6.8e-05 2.6e-05
centrality a+,b+ stat err a+,b- stat err
30-40% -7.10673e-07 3.92277e-06 7.76878e-06 2.75007e-06
40-50% -1.39227e-06 5.87389e-06 1.30744e-05 4.1165e-06
50-60% -9.2582e-06 9.33568e-06 1.47317e-05 6.51374e-06
60-70% -4.21107e-05 1.64567e-05 2.50399e-05 1.13663e-05
centrality a+,b+ stat err a+,b- stat err
12% -6.33629e-06 6.85204e-06 -1.849e-05 7.41e-06
40% -6.25453e-05 9.0154e-06 -6.4e-05 9e-06
69% -0.000113128 3.42632e-05 -0.000215 3.79e-05
centrality a+,b+ stat err a+,b- stat err
40-50% 1.17707e-05 1.05347e-05 9.5e-05 1.2e-05
HIJING 3-particle background: cos(a+b-2c)/v2[data]
centrality a+,b+ a+,b-
5-10% 1.59273e-06 4.24727e-06
10-20% 1.74886e-06 4.66362e-06
20-30% 2.61747e-06 6.97991e-06
30-40% 4.84958e-06 1.29322e-05
40-50% 1.05797e-05 2.82126e-05
50-60% 2.82856e-05 7.54282e-05
60-70% 9.30982e-05 0.000248262

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Phana Meeting Minutes

29 September 2009

13 October 2009

20 October 2009

27 October 2009

3 November 2009

17 November 2009

24 November 2009

8 December 2009

15 December 2009

9 February 2010

11 March 2010





Meeting Agenda:

1) roundtable: updates/progress?

     -> redux EEMC geometry, decoder, tests - all

        * fyi: latest geometry/validation

        * fyi:SMD orientation reconciliation

        * how to get on with MC tests?
           - additional info/work needed (e.g., next)

        * decoder issues

        * tests/docs needed

     -> other status/update

2) AOB


Q = question
A = answer
C = comment

Try to identify speaker as I am able.


Will Q: News on filtering?
Michael A: Waiting for Victor -  not until after collaboration meeting.

EEMC Geometry

Will Q: Any updates since yesterday?
Jason A: Looked at some other layers and no obvious problems.

Will Q: Is number of volumes stable?
Jason A: Think so.  Yes.

Will Q: What is polystyrene on both sides of tower megatiles?
Hal A: Was there in original geometry. 
Jim, etc. C: Might be trying to mockup other material in wrapper.  Aluminum, Kevlar, Tyvek faces
forward.  Front plastic 0.15 mm back 0.55 mm. 
Jason A: Delay until virtual Monte Carlo?  Change would require 2 additional volumes because now
tile is stuck in a large volume of polystyrene.
Jim C: Delaying sounds fine.

Scott Q: Does everyone agree SMD correct?
Will A: Yes.
Jim A: Agree.
Will C: Please double check.

Will Q: How do we move on with testing?
Jason A: Will send email to Victor.  Same problem with having to wait until after collaboration
Ilya C: Might be able to fix decoder.  Email sent to starsimu.
Jason C: I have not looked over code in great detail. 
Will C: Maybe ask TOF folks.
Jason C: I think simulations group has control of this.
Jim C: Frank worked on TOF.
Hal C: Also HFT.

Will Q: What tests do we want?
Will A: Have to look at everything.

Michael C: You can do tests now with Geant. 
Ilya C: Would have to write new code.
Jason C: I have code to get sampling fraction straight from Geant.
Will C: We care about SMD.  Not worth extra work.


Will Q: Alice what about gamma+jet code?
Alice A: Code from 3 people.  Will look at next week.



Minutes from meeting 13 October 2009






Alice and Will C: Someone with karma/more familar with gamma maker should look into TMinuit library issue here: http://www.star.bnl.gov/HyperNews-star/protected/get/phana/388.html
Will C: No Michael,updates on filtering?

Alice Q: Ilya, were you able to run with full geometry yet?
Ilya A: No, adding "east endcap" back in only allows for EEMC only running.

EEMC Geometry Tests

Discussed yesterday at EEMC meeting

Will and Hal C: Need to label "front" and "back" differently
Ilya C: Exclusion is done by not generating material.  Materials added one at a time.
Will Q: What is there?  Is it air?  What?
Will Q: We compare upper left and lower right?
Ilya A: Yes
Hal Q:  UVS refers to particle hitting first U, then V, then S from interaction point?
Ilya A: Yes
Hal C: Seems the wrong way.  U plane in front - less hits?
Will C: A megatile layer is directly in front of shower max.
Ilya C: Shower is not so developed so less hits in first plane.
Will C: What bothers me is that 12 and 2 are not the same - same U/V cadence.  Or is this because you just don't generate material and we don't know what is taking its place?  Many agree.
Ilya C: v-Plane first sectors seem to agree better.
Will C: Should maybe try without LOW_EM option.
Scott C: For pions shower in front layer is narrower than one in back.  j-all plot looks fine.  This is what we really care about.
Ilya, Scott C: In geometry cvs there is no spacer, sectors 11 and 12 were the same?  Or was there air in the spacer?
Hal A: In cvs air was in spacer location.
Jim C: The scale difference for u and v plots makes it hard to interpret.  A 1-D plot would be helpful.
Hal C: Can Ilya send me geometry file with how you did these cases?
All: Energy plots looks good

Will Q: Is there separation in towers?
Hal A: "wiggle" Option is there, not implemented.  But isolation gap in eta is there.  Not sure about phi.
Will Q: Do we need more documentation?  Jason added lots of documentation in the form of comments.  What about variables - i.e. LOW_EM option variables?
Will Q: What about TWIST/EGGS?
Hal A: EGGS is similar to Geant3.  Worry about hadrons not doing a good job - what about FLUKA (sp?)?  Seem to remember lots of parameters that dictate how particles are "tracked."
Jim C: Most backgrounds for gamma/jet are EM anyway.
Everyone: We seem stuck until full geometry is working.
Hal C: Someone should contact Jerome directly and see what we can do.
Alice C: Victor just replied to you.



Minutes 20 October 2009



Sampling Fraction with New Geometry

Ilya C: Rechecked many things- including labels, re-ran cvs version.
Hal Q: Didn't you do this earlier? Where some parts where brighter?


Ilya A: Was EEMC only and number of hits.
Scott Q: Is z-scale the same on all?
Ilya A: Yes
Jim Q: Which geometry year?
Ilya A: 2006.  Double checked all 2006 LOW_EM option.
Jim Q: Can you run with 2009 geometry?
Ilya A: Yes, how would it help?
Jim A: Something to check with a change.
Ilya C: Strange SMD is consistent, but not towers.
Jim Q: Why is 2nd preshower so different from 1st?
Ilya A: y-axis scale is different (see 10^-3) in left plot
Scott Q: Why any difference at all in preshower?  Wasn't all difference put in the SMD layer?
Jason A: Some minor changes: changes to steel structure, changed depth of polystyrene in

Will Q: Any change in thickness of polystyrene on either side of tiles?
Jason A: No
Jason C: GPrint TMED.  Print tracking parameters at beginning of run and at end of run to see if

LOW_EM option is actually getting picked up.  Also check endcap materials - something strange

outside may be affecting something inside.  Will send in email.
Jim Q: Bright spots on borders and dark centers of tiles?
Ilya A: yes
Scott Q: What is threshold in "towers above threshold" plot?
Ilya A: 3 sigma
Jim Q: How to print out all volumes?
Jason A: Is a command, maybe not useful (TMI).
Jim C: Take stand-alone geometry and change front plate to lead.  Then we would know if material

in front increases sampling fraction or not.  (Should not increase)  Also like to see color

wheels for preshower.
Scott C: Try to figure out at what depth we see the effect.
Jason C: With my current code this is hard to do in Geant.
Hal C: 5 sections: 2 preshower, posthower and 2 towers.  2 tower sections are added together. In

EEmcUtil area.
Will C: Not shown, but postshower isn't crazy looking.
Hal C: When you calculate energy for sampling fraction how many towers do you use?
Ilya A: This is all towers above threshold.  Figure 5 is just the highest tower.
Jim Q: No chance full geometry has defined in it an active volume that shouldn't be there?
Jason A: No.
Jason C: Figure 5 seems to be telling us something opposite figure 2.  Maybe our intuition about

fig 2 is off.
Hal C: Yes, but difference between eemc stand-alone and full is not the same in figure 5 either.
Scott c: Maybe we need to look at MPV and not the mean
Jason Q: How do you determine thrown position?  NO cuts on SMD response?
Ilya A: Geant, no.
Hal Q: Are you losing event from TPC ribs?
Ilya A: Off-scale.
Scott c: Between thrown energy of 20 to 30 make a sampling fraction distribution so we can see

the shape.
Hal Q: Did you change the tower geometry at all?
Jason A: Just added a feature to allow wiggle, but not implemented.
Jim Q: Gap in towers?
Jason A: Isolation groove is there in eta.
Hal C: Figures in addition to s.f. for 1X1 tower - 2x2, etc.
Ilya C: 3x3 similar to figure 2, 2x1 different from both.
Will Q: What about Jan's comment about kONLY="MANY"
Jason A: Yes I use it, you must when volumes overlap.  GEANT says don't because computationally




Minutes 27 October 2009


Will Q:   Status of filtering?
Michael A: Victor is still working on filtering.  Problem with TPC in 2009.
Michael C: I cannot test the code because I don't have access to it.  Victor is working on 2009

geometry fixes.
Jim C: I thought Victor had to approve some code.
All: Much confusion about what the situation is.
     There are 2 filters - one for pythia and one for bfc.  Victor is providing the hook to put
     your filter in bfc.  That is what we are waiting for.

(2)EEMC Geometry
Jason C: LOW_EM option does not get executed in stand-alone
Will C: Some of the effects we've seen are probably turning on and off LOW_EM and not

stand-alone versus full geometry
Alice Q: So you aren't bothered by difference in sampling fraction anymore?
Ilya A: No we just understand some things.
Ilya C: There might be other differences between stand-alone and full.
Will C: Maybe we should move away from stand-alone geometry
Jason C: I changed EM cuts in preshower layers so they were consistent with ones in tower stack.
Ilya Q: Changes in materials before preshower layer?
Jason A: No changes in materials
Ilya C: More low energy in preshower.
Jason C: This is different cuts being applied in the preshower.  Cuts are lowered with respect

to cvs.  Maybe did not finish this task.
Jim C: Not sure that "all" really looks like the rest added together.
Will C: Biggest difference appears to be in 1X1.  Energy shared among towers differently.
Scott and others C: It doesn't make sense that red goes up and black goes down when look at

total energy vs. thrown energy.  Why do changes only show up when we put stuff in front of the

detector?  Even if you say black is right and red is wrong, it's still puzzling.
Ilya Q: DetP geom y2006g has no effect in standalone?
Jason A: Yes
Many: So standalone will always be the same no matter what year and options.
Will C: Comparing to standalone not worthwhile.  Things to look at: LOW_EM option, tile configuration.
Jason C: Postshower looks fine.  This means postshower hasn't gotten moved outside poletip.  Also check FILL ESEC - try setting each deltaz to 0.  That puts scintillators in same position as cvs code.
Jim C: We need to compare to data.
Will Q: What option does standalone pick for endcap?
Jason A: The default - which is full endcap.
Scott Q: Any changes that would effect outside of endcap?
Jason A: None that I can think of.  Should be more than 2mm of clearance in front of endcap - i.e. overall length of endcap changed.

Jason will send email to list about cuts and might have time to document other changes.


3 November 2009

Very brief meeting, everyone still working on understanding geometry.

Michael c:Victor asked Michael for refinements to code.  Michael is working on it.

Will C: Seems to be lead.  For now not focusing on standalone but on full STAR geometry but with new layers turned off.  Need to keep this in mind.  Why does this change + LOW_EM option produce such a big change?
Ilya and Alice C: Trying some experimental coding on ELED block just to rule things out.
Ilya C: Changes in sampling fraction with modified ELED block and LOW_EM on or off seems significant.
Scott C: I think there is a problem with the way the block is defined.
Will C: We need to settle on some numbers - particle cuts, Low_em, sampling fraction


Minutes 17 November 2009


Jason C:y2006dev geometry is defined.  QA needs be done before a production release is made. 
After this is closed making significant revisions will be more difficult.
Ilya Q: What is ETA for 2006?
Jason A: In auto-build now, will be available tomorrow.
Ilya C: Now pure lead is consistent with lead alloy.  Distributions in all layers look
consistent as well.  Is change with LOW_EM option reasonable?
Hal C: What about extra time for LOW_EM?
Michael A: It's a factor of 6 for very high energy photons, but less than time to run bfc.
Jason C: We've talked about being OK with a factor of 2, but not 10.  2<6<10 so who knows.
Michael C: New TPX simulator takes like 10 minutes per event.
Scott C: We really care about backgrounds when it comes to time because we need so many more
statistics and don't think as many high energy particles there.
Will C: Would be a good idea to re-run all tests that were done last week when we thought things
were final last Friday.
Hal and Alice C: Think it's a good idea to look at a small-ish generic QCD sample with the idea
that if we find problems they can be fixed before we are locked in forever.  Alice will try to
come up with a proposal.
Michael C: For 2009 geometry, many fixes to the barrel make it not backwards compatible.  So
2006 geometry will not be ideal for barrel.
Jason C: I can look into making this backwards compatible.  I'm also planning on propagating
EEMC changes all the way back to 2003.

Michael C:There has been progress but cluster has been down last few days so a bit stalled.


24 November 2009

Q = Question
A = Answer
C = Comment

Michael C:No progress

Alice C: Still not getting smd strips for endcap
Michael, Ilya C: Looks in log file for warnings or errors from StGammaRawEvent

Will C: 40% increase of running with LOW_EM option.  Seems to improve data - MC agreement,
especially for shower max.
Ilya C: 2009 may appear to agree better than 2006 with 2006 data might be due to cuts on eta
mesons not placed on the Monte Carlo
Jim C: It looks like maybe the LOW_EM option is over-correcting
All C: We need a sample with and without LOW_EM option.  Some discussion if you can run with
LOW_EM option and then undo it in analysis, and generally decided not.  Still planning on coming
up with a request for a test sample - but many techinical difficulties now with StGammaMaker and
filtering, etc. 

(3)Fast Simulator sampling fraction
Will C: Don't think this was measured with the test beam.  It wouldn't be in written form
anywhere if we did, not same geometry.
Jim C: If we account for material in front of detector then it will change from year to year. 
Hal C: I would be in favor or leaving it at 5%.
All C: The scale factor might then be 1.02.  If we want more precise a very detailed study will
be required.  This is something the test run can tell us as well.
Jason C: LOW_EM option makes a lot more sense from a physical prespective.  The cuts without it
are too high.



8 December 2009


Ilya C: Victor sent a note saying things were working to some list, somewhere.
Michael C: We now have a bfc framework.  AT the moment it's just the barrel filter.
Will Q: Can you explain tuning more?
Michael A: You have to run enough simulation to show you aren't biasing yourself for whatever

threshold you select.
Things to consider:
--Trigger?  => Will A: Not below 5
--Software analysis cuts?
Ilya Q: Is there documentation on how to use this?
Michael A: No, Victor will be doing that.

(2)Alice's post
I didn't take notes while talking.  General conclusion is to repeat, double-checking the trigger
simulation.  Some debate about if just looking at gamma candidates is the best thing to do. 

(3)Hal's post
Hal C: I will continue to run some tests in the background.
Ilya Q: x-axis is generated energy/pT?
Hal A: Yes

(4)LOW_EM option part 100
Will C: Barrel already has 100 kEV limits buried in geometry.
Michael Q: How do you calculate the time?
Ilya A: Time between starting and ending starsim.
Michael C: But big overhead in loading to memory.  For barell get 9 sec without LOW_EM and 34
sec with LOW_EM. 
Hal Q: Why is this an issue?  Aren't we doing physics better this way?
Will A: We need  lots of MC - 2006, 2009 200 GeV and 500 GeV.
Jim A: We may be "over-simulating" and wasting CPU, especially in endcap.
Hal C: I think we should put lowest cuts on materials right before the scintillator - this is
not what is in the geometry.  We should fix the geometry.
Michael C: From barrel studies seems we need low cuts in lead and plastic. 
Hal C: In endcap, then, we need in cladding.  For first run, do LOW_EM option and then refine.
Michael C: For barrel, the global LOW_EM cut doesn't add much time.
Matt Q: How many radiation lengths upstream of endcap?
Will/Hal A: 1.5-2.
Matt C: We can't really use different options because they you get different sampling fractions.

Will C: I think there actually should be less material in TPC now.
Jim C: Agree, seems to be less just looking at it.


15 December 2009


Short meeting with Scott, Will, Jim and Alice in attendance.  Mostly touched on the to-do list.  Waiting for geometry from Jason and Ilya (both at BNL now).  Alice can work on filter next week - not on vacation until Dec 24.  News from BNL is no collisions still - maybe this weekend.


Meeting 2 February 2010


Meeting was attended by Alice B, Mike B and Ilya S.  We discussed the current status of the filter.  A brief summary of action items:

(1)No complaints so far to raising gamma maker thresholds to correspond to 2009 l2 trigger thresholds, which will probably remain the same for some time.  These new thresholds are a seed threshold of 4.2 and a cluster threshold of 5.5  Email sent to list about this here.  Currently the pythia filter thresholds are set 4 sigma lower than this and bfc filter thresholds are set 2 sigma lower than this.  These will changed accordingly.  FYI: definition of sigma from EEMC NIM paper is sigma(E)/E = 16%/sqrt(E)+2%.  Note: the current gamma maker thresholds are 3.6 and 5.1, from the 2006 trigger configuration.

(2)We discussed current performace of pythia filter.  Suspect some increased rejection may come from tighening eta boundaries in the filter along with radius of the cluster cone in eta-phi space.  Mike also suggested adding a vertex cut for the particle track vertices.  This kind of cut currently exists in the bfc filter.  We think these changes need to tested, along with the changes in (1) before we move forward.  Ilya will check what the vertex cut in his analysis is.

(3)Small scale tests of the bfc filter with the 2 sigma thresholds are promising and not showing false rejections.

(4)A (too) small scale test of the thresholds in (1) showed no acceptance in the 2-3 GeV partonic pT bin.  Will run more events to verify it is excluded.  Concerned that we will probably not be able to eliminate the 3-4 GeV bin.  Alice would not like to set the gamma maker cluster et threshold above 6.  Agreed, and that maybe even that is too high.

(5)We discussed the issue of the gain uncertainty in the filter.  The concern is that a filter which is "too tight" will exclude events that we will need for testing the gain uncertainty in a final analysis.  There are multiple concerns here :

i.  How to actually do this.  Jason sent a suggestions that would involve modifying the fundtion StEEmcSlowMaker::setTowerGainSpread(float s) to include a variable MEAN, which is currently hard-coded to 1.  The new code would look like:

void StEEmcSlowMaker::setTowerGainSpread(Float_t s, Float_t MEAN)

     // initialize tower gain factors to 1
  for ( Int_t sec=0;sec<kEEmcNumSectors;sec++ )
    for ( Int_t sub=0;sub<kEEmcNumSubSectors;sub++ )
      for ( Int_t eta=0;eta<kEEmcNumEtas;eta++ )
            //   mTowerGainFact[sec][sub][eta]=1.0;

             Float_t f = -1.0E9;
             while ( f <= -1. || f >= 1.0 )
              f = gRandom->Gaus(0., s);

              mTowerGainFact[sec][sub][eta] = MEAN + f;//this was 1.0+f



this requires a change to the code, but it is small and MEAN could be set by default to 1.0  Then we would re-process the gamma trees with the slow simulator set with MEAN = 1-1sigma uncertainty and MEAN=1+1sigma uncertainty and test the rejection of the filter.  Ilya would like to see this code checked into cvs, which would require someone with karma - probably Oleksandr.

ii. What number to use for the uncertainty.  It seems that 5% is widely accepted as correct.  Please object if you think this is wrong.  Please object if you think this method is not sufficient to test the filter with uncertain gains.


Meeting 11 March 2010


Will: One of last things on list was timestamps.  He can try to generate some.
      Beam - have positions, but no rms widths.  Set to zero.
      2-3 bin - don't generate for now

Michael: Ask Gene about timestamps

Alice: I will update page

Task Force and Projection
In general, most discussion focused on estimate for background uncertainty.  We decided that using the
sideband argument is OK if we state that this what we are doing and that any additional uncertainty due to
using the sideband under the signal is ignore.

Alice will try to send draft tomorrow now that there is a plot.

Phana group meetings

2009 meetings

November 24, 15:30 EDT; 631-344-2261
Meeting minutes

  1. roundtable discussion/progress - all
  2. AOB

November 17, 15:30 EDT; 631-344-2261
Meeting minutes

  1. roundtable discussion/progress - all
  2. AOB

November 06, EVO, 14:00 EDT

November 03, 15:30 EDT; 631-344-2261
Meeting minutes

  1. roundtable: updates/progress?
  2. AOB

October 27, 15:30 EDT; 631-344-2261
Meeting minutes

  1. filtering
  2. more EEMC geometry, tests - all
  3. other status/update

October 20, 15:30 EDT; 631-344-2261
Meeting minutes

  1. Further analysis and head scratching about sampling fraction
    puzzle wrt the various geometries - ilya
  2. Tree analysis structure/analysis
  3. Any progress on filter test
  4. AOB

October 13, 15:30 EDT; 631-344-2261
Meeting minutes

  1. roundtable: updates/progress?
    more EEMC geometry, tests - all
  2. new:
    • tests w/ SMD geometry - ilya
    • other things to check/change
      • towers: is there a space between m-tiles or should we "wiggle"?
      • new value for SF in fast simulator code?
      • further code checks and docs on changes?
      • parameter settings and docs (e.g., low_EM, etc.)?
        (Carl's comments about geant3/TWIST)
    • plan for testing and CVS check-in (Jan's worry)
  3. other status/update
  4. AOB

September 29, 15:30 EDT; 631-344-2261
Meeting minutes

  1. roundtable: updates/progress?
  2. AOB

September 22, 15:30 EDT; 631-344-2261

  1. roundtable: updates/progress?
  2. AOB

September 15, 15:30 EDT; 631-344-2261

  1. general:
  2. roundtable: updates/progress?
  3. AOB

September 8, 15:30 EDT; 631-344-2261

  1. general:
  2. roundtable: updates/progress?
  3. AOB

September 1, 15:30 EDT; 631-344-2261

  1. general:
  2. roundtable: updates/progress?
  3. AOB


Photon analysis links

Photon reconstruction and analysis focus group

Useful links

Photon literature and references

Photon literature and references

Photon presentations

Photon presentations

Software and simulation documentation

Documentation on GSTAR and ATLSIM

Note: ATLSIM has the same structure as GSTAR - both written by Pavel Nevsky

  1. GSTAR: Advanced Geometry Interface
  2. GSTAR: overview and tutorial by Maxim Potekhin (2003.08.13)
  3. GSTAR: STAR TAC review (1996)
  4. GSTAR: Star-note #235
  5. GSTAR: CHEP1998 presentation by Pavel Nevski
  6. GSTAR: Adding new detector to GSTAR/BFC
  7. ATLSIM: AGuser tutorial
  8. ATLSIM: Reconstruction Interface For DICE95

GEANT3/EGS documentation

  1. Geant3 Manual
  2. The Egs Code System Manual
    (Monte Carlo Simulation Of Electromagnetic Cascade Showers)
  3. Geant3 GSMIXT subroutine (defines mixture or compound, gzipped fortran code)

Advanced Geometry Interface for GSTAR

Printer friendy version

Pavel Nevski, 28 April 1996


A modified GSTAR framework includes an advance detector geometry description, supported by a preprocessor and a dedicated library. It automates the detector response and provides a data handling mechanism with a built-in documentation and database support.

1 Introduction

A good understanding of the STAR performance requires many GEANT-based simulations of the detector and its environment.

A fast and reliable way to implement these systems in GSTAR is to use a dedicated geant parser (Fortran preprocessor) which is supported by an Advanced Geant Interface library called AgSTAR . Maintaining the GEANT specific tables of materials, volumes, hits descriptions, etc and insuring the internal consistency of most of the actual parameters of the GEANT routines, it significantly reduces the amount of information the user needs to worry about and improves the robustness of the program. Here we describe the main rules and features of this program.


The geometry of each STAR detector in GSTAR is described in a single module. Modules are written in the geant language and translated by the parser into conventional, well commented Fortran subroutines compiled and linked with the rest of GSTAR libraries. A module consists of the module header, the data definition part and of a number of blocks, each describing one GEANT elementary volume and its content.

2.1 geant language

The geant language is a Fortran extension oriented to the GEANT application. In addition to Fortran statements, it contains a number of geant statements in the form:

OPERATOR NAME [ = value ... = value ]

where the OPERATOR defines a specific service to be performed by the AgSTAR interface. Apart from the declarations and data handling operators, described in sections 2.4 and 2.5, there are 9 GEANT dedicated operators and 3 control operators in the basic geant language set. For these operators:

  • NAME is the name of a GEANT volume or of a volume shape (4 letters), or a material or medium name (up to 20 letters). A Fortran string variable is generated by the parser by converting the NAME into upper-case letters.
  • Keywords (left parts of assignment) are variables used in the GEANT3 manual [1] to describe the parameters of the corresponding GEANT3 routine gif.
  • Their values (right parts of assignment) are any legal Fortran expression.

The language is neither case nor position sensitive. Unlike conventional Fortran, statements can be continued on the next line only using a comma or an underscore at the end of a line as a continuation sign. A comma can also be used between keywords to improve the readability. All geant comments mentioned below are mandatory. A list of keywords with their values is called below a definition.

2.2 Volume description

2.2.1 General structure

Any GEANT volume in a module is described as a block. A block consists of two parts - the description of its own properties and the description of its content - and has the following structure (last column shows the corresponding GEANT3 routine) :


BLOCK, ENDBLOCK and CREATE are control operators because they affect the execution order: CREATE is executed as a jump to the requested BLOCK code and the return back when its ENDBLOCK is reached. All other are GEANT dedicated operators and are substituted by a call to one or a few GEANT routines via the AgSTAR interface .

Example 1:

Block VPDD  is the Vertex Position Detector assembly
     Material  Air
     Medium    Standard
     Attribute VPDD   Seen=0  colo=5
     Shape     TUBE   Rmin=vpdg_Rmin  Rmax=vpdg_Rmax,
     Rcurrent = vpdg_Rmin
     Do iLayer = 1,2     
        Create   VRNG
        Position VRNG 
        Rcurrent = Rcurrent + vpdl_DrLayer

The AgSTAR interface maintains GEANT tables of materials, mediums, volumes and rotation matrices. After checking that the requested name already exists in the corresponding table or having created a new table entry, the interface returns the entry number used in the GEANT routines.

The only mandatory operator inside a block is its SHAPE, others can be omitted.

In this case the volume properties are inherited from it's mother volume, and position definitions are assumed to be default (x=y=z=0, no rotation).

If needed, material, medium and attribute operators should be defined before the SHAPE operator.

2.2.2 More on SHAPE

The name argument of the SHAPE operator contains a name of any of the 16 legal GEANT shapes described in the manual. Keywords in the definition part are the names of parameters, used in the GEANT manual (section GEOM 050) to describe these shapes. The only exception are multiple z,Rmin and Rmax parameters of the PCON and PGON shapes, which should be supplied as vectors named Zi, Rmn and Rmx, defined in one of the following two forms: 

where a vector stands for Zi, Rmn or Rmx are any Fortran expressions, and A is a Fortran array.

As the parameters are transmitted to the GSVOLU routine via the AgSTAR interface, they can be provided in any order or be inherited from the mother volume.

Example 2: the PCON specification from the GEANT manual (GEOM 050, figure 23) may look like:

    SHAPE PCON phi1=180 dphi=279 Nz=4 Zi={-400,-300,300,400},
               Rmn={50,50,50,50}      Rmx={250,100,100,250}

The GEANT divisions in the geant language are particular cases of the SHAPE operator. The actual division mechanism is automatically selected by the AgSTAR interface depending upon the parameters supplied.

Example 3: this will create divisions of a TUBE in  using GSDVN (GEOM 130):

     Shape  TUBE      Rmin=Rcurrent  Rmax=Rcurrent+vpdl_DrLayer,
     Create VSEC
Block VSEC  is one VPD sector with all stuff inside
     Shape  Division  Iaxis=2    Ndiv=vpdl_NumPMT,
     Create ....

2.2.3 Inheritance rules

Unless defined explicitly, parameters of the MATERIAL, MIXTURE, MEDIUM, and SHAPE operators in a new block are inherited from the block creating it gif Normally this is also its mother volume. If no material or medium are defined in a new block at all, the are inherited from the mother block.

A MATERIAL or a MEDIUM operator without parameters can be used to refer to an already defined material (mixture) or medium.

Default materials, a priori known to the AgSTAR interface , are the 16 GEANT standart materials plus other materials described in the Particle Data Book [4].

The only tracking medium, known to the AgSTAR interface is the standart one, defined as following:

  Medium   Standard  Ifield=1 FieldM=20 TmaxFd=20 Epsil=0.01,
                     SteMax=10.0   DeeMax=-0.02   StMin=-0.01

A new GEANT medium is automatically introduced even without a MEDIUM operator, if the material in a block has been changed by a MATERIAL or MIXTURE operator.

2.3 Volume positioning

Unless defined explicitly, the parameters of a POSITION operator have the default values: x=y=z=0, KONLY='ONLY', unit rotation matrix.

If the volume being positioned has been defined with all parameters equal to zero, the GSPOSP routine will be called, otherwise the GSPOS is used. In case of the GSPOSP call, the actual parameters of the volume shape supplied in the POSITION operator still follow the inheritance rules for the SHAPE operator.

If a rotation should be defined when positioning a volume, it is possible to define it in several ways:

  • Providing up to 6 parameters, describing a new orthogonal coordinate system (GEOM 200). The parameter names gif and their default values defining the unit matrix are ,

  • Only those parameters which are different from the default unit matrix should be given.

    Example: The two copies of the VPDD block, mentioned in the example 1, are positioned in CAVE with

          Position VPDD in Cave  z=+vpdg_Position
          Position VPDD in Cave  z=-vpdg_Position   ThetaZ=180
    where the second copy of the VPDD volume is a mirror reflection of the first one.
  • A rotation around one of the x,y,z axis can be introduced simply by defining one of the following parameters:  or AlphaZ.
  • Axis subsitutions, often used in GEANT for positioning certain combinations of shapes, can be introduced by defining the ORT parameter as ORT = XYZ (default), YZX or ZXY
  • The ORT parameter can be combined with the other rotation definition taken into account that the axis substitution is done after all other rotations, i.e. rotation is defined in old axis.

    For example to position a TRD1 trapesoid in a TUBS sector with a tilt angle alp relative to the tube axis, one can use POSITION IT somewhere AlphaZ=alp ORT=YZX

Rotation parameters are not inherited from one POSITION operator to another.

2.4 Volume naming mechanism

All volumes in GSTAR are referenced by their generic names, consisting of 4 upper-case letters gif. When the real dimensions of the same generic volume are variable, the supporting AgSTAR library provides an automatic and transparent mechanism which, for physically different volumes with the same generic name, generates nicknames used by GEANT, by changing last letters of the generic name into numbers or lower-case letters. These volumes with different nicknames are considered as instances of the same generic object. The original generic name is also kept in each instance together with its nickname.

The positioning of all volumes is done using their generic names, the latest generated instance of the object being actually used. When positioned in the same mother volume such instances will be distinguished also by their GEANT copy numbers. If a volume instance has been defined with all parameters equal to zero, it will be positioned by the AgSTAR interface using the GSPOSP routine, with the dimensions defined in the POSITION operator.

This mechanism provides a simple and effective way to automatically generate the unique path to each GEANT volume, needed for the HIT package, without additional user code.

2.5 Module header

The module header in AgSTAR is used to provide the Fortran declarations as well as the program maintenance information. It consists of the following geant declarations :


Note that:

  • The first line should be the MODULE declaration. The order of other statements is irrelevant. The module name consists of a 4-letter STAR detector code plus the module type code (GEO, DIG etc). It is also used to identify module input and output data structures (GEANT hits and digits, parameter records in the DETM geometry database).
  • The format of MODULE comment, author list and creation date is arbitrary, but their presence is mandatory.
  • The CONTENT declaration should list all blocks used in the module.
  • The STRUCTURE declaration groups together real variables or arrays gif, which are subject to potential change using KUIP datacards or should be accessible from external routines, for example at the reconstruction stage. Their usage is described in the next section.


     module   VPDDGEO  is the Vertex Position Detector of STAR
     Author   Z.Milosevich, P.Nevski 
     Created  27 March 1996

     Structure VPDG { Version, Rmin, Rmax, Length, Position,
                      PMTradi, PMTwall, PMTleng, 
                      EleLeng, ConvThk, RadiThk, 
                      TubeThk, SuppThk, SuppDist }
     structure VPDL { Layer,   DrLayer, NumPMT   }

* external (GEANT and AGI) sequences 

* Local variables
     Real      Rcurrent, Detector_Length
     Integer   iLayer

2.6 Data structure handling

A group of logically linked variables, which are declared in a STRUCTURE operator, is defined using the FILL statement:


The whole collection of user's banks, created by FILL operators, is kept as a single tree DETM of structurally linked banks. It is saved after the program execution in the RZ data base (both the bank content and the relevant documentation) and can be used by reconstruction programs.

Note that:

  • The structure name consists of 4 letters and is used as the ZEBRA bank name and as the prefix of its variables in the Fortran code.
  • The order of assignments is irrelevant, but comments and explanations are mandatory.
  • Other comment lines cannot be interleaved with FILL assignements.
  • are Fortran expressions in case of a simple variable or a vector in the form  for an array.
  • When the FILL statement is executed by the AgSTAR interface, the data are saved as a bank in the DETM structure.

There may be two levels of data structures (banks) defined and used in a module: the structure name, defined by the first FILL operator, becomes the high level structure name. All structures with other names are considered as lower level structures associated to it.

Each of these structures may be a linear chain of similar banks, created by sequential FILL operators with the same name. They all are considered as instances of the same generic object, so at any moment only one selected copy of each structure is available. A typical usage of the high level structure is to provide different geometry versions of the same detector, the actual version been selected using the datacard input. Instances of the low level structures can be used to provide parameters for different components of the of the same detector.


     FILL VPDG           ! VPD basic dimensions
        Version  = 1         ! geometry version
        Rmin     = 4         ! VPD inner radius
        Rmax     = 16        ! VPD outer radius
        Length   = 30        ! full VPD assembly length along the beam 
        Position = 250       ! Z position of VPD along beam axis
        PMTwall  = 0.1       ! PMT wall thickness
        PMTradi  = 2.54      ! PMT and detector radius
        PMTLeng  = 8.0       ! PMT tube length 
        EleLeng  = 15.0      ! electronics mount length
        ConvThk  = 0.635     ! Converter layer thickness
        RadiThk  = 0.635     ! Radiator layer thickness
        TubeThk  = 0.00      ! piece of beam pipe thickness (if needed)
        SuppThk  = 0.64      ! Support rings thickness
        SuppDist = 16        ! distance between supporting rings
     FILL VPDL           ! single PMT layer
        layer    = 1         ! layer number
        DrLayer  = 6         ! layer radial width
        NumPMT   = 8         ! number of PMT in layer
     FILL VPDL           ! single PMT layer
        layer    = 2         ! layer number
        DrLayer  = 6         ! layer radial width
        NumPMT   = 16        ! number of PMT in layer      

Example: data structures produced by the previous example:


One can select the actual copy of the structure to be used by the program (an instance of the data structure) with the help of the USE statement :

USE NAME variable=value

Any variable from the corresponding structure can be used to select the current instance of the bank. The value may be any Fortran expression.

Example: USE VPDG version=1
USE VPDL layer=1

Once the top level bank is selected with the USE operator, the descendent lower level banks are selected only within the same branch. In geometry modules selected top level bank is re-linked at the first position of a possible linear chain, so that it always become default bank for any further selection. Also at that moment their content is changed by the standard datacard input.

Once selected with the USE operator, variables from the data structure can be referenced by the program in the form BankName_Variable. In this way they are easy to recognize among the other program variables (see first example).

This mechanism provides an easy and flexible way of the geometry versioning within each module.



In AgSTAR user does not need to write a detector specific routine to create GEANT hit structure and to fill it with a useful information. Instead, a geant statements with the HITS operator, called in a block describing a sensitive volume, is used to produce a relevant GEANT hit definitions and to steer their filling at the tracking time. This statement generates all necessary GEANT calls (see GSDET and GSDETH routines, HIT 100) with their parameters as follows:

  • The set name is defined by the first 4 letters of the module name;
  • The detector name is the name of the geant block ;
  • Following the GSTAR standard, IDTYPE is taken as the STAR detector number;
  • The name argument of the HITS operator, (hit address) is the name of the volume used to identify the hit, usually the sensitive detector itself. The AgSTAR interface finds the path to the selected volume using generic names of all higher level volumes and builds the NAMESV array. It also defines the number of branchings and the number of bits required at all levels (NBITSV array) to uniquely describe the path to each instance of the selected volume;
  • For memory allocation defaults values of NHWI, NWDI = 1000 are used.

The definition part of the HITS operator contains a list of information quantities, measurements,
which should be saved in each GEANT hit, and their packing in one of the form  or 
For a measurement or bin are mandatory, option and limits are optional. At present the following variables are known as measurements to the AgSTAR interface (the track point means here the middle point of the track segment producing the hit in the sensitive volume):

  • xx,yy,zz - track point coordinates in Master Reference System (MRS);
  • x,y,z - local cartesian coordinates of the track point;
  • - local cylindrical (or polar) coordinates of this point;
  • Cx, Cy, Cz - local direction cosines of the track segment;
  • Px,Py,Pz - components of the track momentum in MRS;
  • Ct - cosine of the angle between the track segment and the radius pointing to its center;
  • TDR - closest approach of the track segment to the local z-axis;
  • STEP - the length of track segment producing the hit;
  • SLENG - track length from the vertex;
  • ELOS - the energy lost at this step;
  • BIRK - registered energy loss, corrected by Birk's law (see PHYS 337);
  • TOF - time of flight for this hit;
  • ETOT - particle energy in the current point;
  • LGAM -  of the particle Lorentz factor;
  • ETA - pseudorapidity of the track point.

An integer number, following a measurement variable, is interpreted as  - the number
of bits for packing the variable values. 0 means that the value is a cumulative sum,
occupying a full computer word. Due to the GEANT limitation 0 can be used only in last elements of the HITS statement.

If a measurement variable is followed by a real number or an expression, it is interpreted as the packing bin size, and the number of bits, required for packing, will be calculated by the AgSTAR interface.

If the user does not provide the limits explicitly, min and/or max are determined by the AgSTAR interface using the volume dimensions. This works fine in local coordinates, but should be used with caution in global MRS coordinated.

Example: HITS VRAD xx:16:H(-25,25) yy:16:(-25,25) zz:32:(-1000,1000),
px:16:(-100,100) py:16:(-100,100) pz:16:(-100,100),
Slen:16:(0,1.e4) Tof:16:(0,1.e-6) Step:16:(0,100),
SHTN:16: Eloss:32:(0,1)

Possible measurement options are listed below. If an option is not mentioned, the alternative default solution is used. Most of the options acts on the whole list of measurements, except for option R.

  • C - calorimeter type HITS, i.e. comulative values for all tracks are added together. By default comulative values are added for each KINE track separately.
  • H - interprete the rest of the non-comulative hit elements as measured values rather than pseudo-volumes. By default any non-comulative hit elements are concidered as pseudo-volumes, is stored in the volume part of GEANT hits and used to distinguish between defferent comulative channels
  • X - calculate local coordinates even if they are not required by the list of hit elements. They may be used in a user defined hit element.
  • S - Single step option, i.e. a single hit will be produced for several sequential steps made by the same particle in a sensitive volume, until the particle exits it or a STEMAX limit is reached. By default a separate his is produce for each step performed by GEANT.
  • R - bin rounding up to 2 decimal digits is done. Default is the exact value to fit the required bin or  value.

3.1 Non-standard HIT elements

In a number of cases user may need in hits a specific value, unknown to the AgSTAR interface . There are two possibilities to provide such a value to AgSTAR interface :

  • to hang a rotine YYYYHIT(pointer,hit) to be executed for any hit referencing a YYYY measurement.
  • Example:

    So called shower track number is calculated for a SHTN element in a GSTAR specific routine SHTNHIT. It is used in most of the STAR tracking detectors to provide in their hits the secondary particle (i.e produced by GEANT) track number (see the previous example of the VPD hits).

  • to hang a routine XXXXSTEP(pointer,hit) to be executed in a specific sensitive block XXXX using USER hit element. This is especially usefull when user wants to control and in certain cases to correct the normal values, calculated by the AgSTAR interface (i.e. instead of a linear track center approximation to use the parabolic one, like it is done in TPADSTEP routine of the TPCEGEO module).

These subroutines should be described as EXTERNAL in the module header. Their first integer input argument pointer is the address of the hit descriptor array (10 words, real) in the GCBANK memory and they should return in the second real argument hit the measurement.


The detector digitisation, i.e. simulation of the response of individual elements of a given detector after tracking of a compete event, can be done in a separate geant

module gif.

Such digitisation module should have the header and the data handling part similar to a geometry module, but instead of blocks, describing detector geometry, it describes how a specific detector response in each separate element is produced, taken into account multiple hit overlap, noises, thresholds etc.

When a user reads measured quantities from hits, standard GEANT user's facilities, like the transformation from local coordinates to MRS, are automatically available, thus allowing to use significantly more dense hit formats.

4.1 Collecting all hits in a detector element

The AgSTAR interface provieds 2 integer functions (AgFHIT0, AgFHIT1) which perform the hit access. Their execution and the print verbosity are controlled by the datacards in a way described later. If the operation was successful, the functions return the OK flag (0 value).

To select a hit set to be analyzed, a AgFHIT0(Cset,Cdet) function should be called, where Cset and Cdet are 4-letter names of an STAR system and its sensitive detector. The function returns OK if the selected set contains hits, and the digitisation of this systemwas allowed by control cards, otherwise the digitisation should be abandoned.

After the initialization call is successfully done, the AgSTAR interface is ready to provide sequentially all hits in each detector element by performing the AGFHIT1 (IH, ITRA, NUMBV, HITS) function.

Here the output arguments of the function are :

  • abs(IH) - the sequential hit number in the current detector element. A negative IH is used to signal the last hit in the detector element.
  • NUMBV - an integer array, that contains on output the list of volume copy numbers which identify the path to this detector element. This array may be passed to the AGFPATH(NUMBV) routine to re-install all GEANT transformation matrices to allow local to global coordinate conversion.
  • HITS - a real array which will contains the measurements assigned by the HITS operator to this hit to this hit.
  • abs(ITRA) - the track number having produced this hit. The negative ITRA is used to signal that other particles also contributed to this detector element.

The function itself returns OK until all hits in the selected set are used.

In this way in the digitization routine the user does not need neither to introduce arrays to accumulate the information from different detector elements in parallel, nor even to know the full number of the detector elements. Moreover, if a user needs to know the space position of a hit, he can simply use the GEANT routine GDTOM to translate a point in the current detector element to the Master Reference System, after the content of the necessary common blocks is restored by the AGFPATH routine.

Below is an example how all hits in the TPC can be read and analized:

     Module  TPCEDIG is the TPC digitization
     Author  P.Nevski
     Created on sunday afternoon
     integer AgFHIT0,AgFHIT1,i,ih,itra,NumBV(5)
     real    hits(15),Esum
     check AgFHIT0('TPCE','TPAD') == ok
     Do While (AgFHIT1(ih,itra,NumBV,hits) == ok)
        If (abs(IH)==1) then
*          we are getting a new padraw
           CALL AGFPATH(NumBV)
        If (IH<=0) then
*          this is the last hit in the padraw
           print *,' Padrow number ',(NumBV(i),i=1,3),
                   ' energy sum is ',Esum


The AgSTAR interface linked with an iteractive GEANT provides a unique possibility to study, modify and to debug the description of the STAR geometry. A special macro-command, geom.kumac gif, compiles, dinamically links and executes any external routine, in particular geometry or digitization modules.

In particular one can perform the following operations with a single geometry module or with a complete STAR detector:

  • GDROP - clear ZEBRA memory by droping all previously created banks.
  • EXEC GEOM module-name - to compile, link and execute a module written in a separate file. The name of the file should be the same as the module name with the extension .g .
  • DEBUG ON - to switch on the debugging mode with the level of printout defined by the module PRIN flag (see below). Most of the parameters of the created volumes, materials, media and rotation matrices can be printed without modifying a single line of the code.
  • RZ/FILE 1 STAR.geom I - to read in a geometry file of the STAR detector from the current directory.
  • DRAW ... or DCUT ... - to draw different views of the selected system or its parts using GEANT graphics. In the debug mode (after DEBUG ON command) an isometric view of the system is drawn automatically.
  • DTREE ... - to draw the logical tree of the GEANT volumes with their generated nicknames and dimensions.
  • DISP detm detm.rz - to survey the tree of the created data structures, to navigate through them, to see the actual content of each created bank with its description, extracted from the module by the AgSTAR interface.
  • GDUMP path option - to dump the content of all or of a selected part of detector description banks from the DETM geometry data base. The dump may be written in a file (option F), as a plain text, SGML(S) or HTMP(H) formated text, or as set of numbers to be read in by another program (option C)
  • GKINE Npart Ptype Pmin Pmax Ymin Ymax PhiMin PhiMax to define parameters of simulated particles

For more details see the XINT section of the GEANT3 manual and use the HELP facility of the interactive GSTAR


6.1 Program control

Different functions of individual modules are controled by there control flags. These flags for any module are accessed using MODE detacard

These flags are used to control the geometry building (GEOM), hit saving in sensitive detector (SIMU), switching on/off of the magnetic field (MFLD), the print verbosity (PRIN), graphics details (GRAP).

6.2 Print control

In general the action of the resulting print level  is defined by the following strategy:

  • 0 - no printout at all (same for L negative);
  • 1 - minimal printout (not more than once per event);
  • 2 - still reasonable amount of prints (up to 10 lines per event);
  • 3 - you can tolerate it for a dozen events;
  • 4 and more - debugging to find a problem.

Some particular cases for different stages are explained below.

6.2.1 GEOM - Geometry building stage

The print level decreases by one each time the program makes a jump into a next level block. So with small L you will get only general detector dimension, and with higher L you will get parameters of smaller detector pieces.

6.2.2 SIMU - Simulation stage

The printout, tracing particles, is done by the GEANT routine GDEBUG. This routines operates under the control of DEBUG and ISWIT data cards (see section BASE 400) and may produce a very abundant printout.

In addition, the AgSTAR interface provides a possibility to tracing particles only in selected STAR detector systems. A detector MODE XXXX DEBU D data card is used to limit the maximal volume insertion level, where a call to GDEBUG is done. So with D=1 one will get the tracing only the system mother volume, and with higher D from its internal volumes. The total number of volume levels, where the tracing is done, is defined by the detector print level.

6.3 Parameter input

The content of a data structure, defined in any module, can be modified by a DETP KUIP card. To modify a variable, user has to provide

 - the name of the detector,

 - the name of the desired bank,

 - the value of the ``use'' selector of the desired bank,

 - then names and new values of variables in the selected bank.

All modification for the same detector should be done on the same *DETP datacard, which can be continued an several lines following the KUIP rules (underscore as continuation simbol). Example. To modify the ``number of PMT in layer'' number two in the example on page 8, one can use the following datacard: DETP VPDD VPDL= 2 numPMT= 17

Note that identificators are case unsensitive, but values should be separated by blanks.



As it has been already mentioned, when the FILL statement is executed by the AgSTAR interface,
the data are saved as a bank in the DETM structure []. At the same time the AgSTAR
interface creates the appropriate documentation banks for DZDOC package [2].
For each bank in the DETM structure the documentation banks contain the creation date, authorship information, the variable names and comments as well as the full information on the bank relationship.

All this information is maintained in a RZ-file detm.rz which can be analysed by the DZDOC package. Running its interactive version DZEDIT, users can get the full information on the created banks as well as to print a hardcopy of the current STAR input data structure description. As the documentation RZ-file is updated automatically each time the program has been changed, this description is always up-todate.

In a future it will become possible to get with the USE operator not only versions of banks, defined directly in the module, but also to read them from the STAR geometry data base, supported centrally.


1 GEANT - Detector Description and Simulation Tool. CERN Program W5013. Geneva, 1994.
2 DZDOC - Bank documentation tools. In ZEBRA, CERN Program Q100/Q101. Geneva, 1993.
3 HEPDB - Database Management Package. CERN Program Q180, Geneva, 1993.
4 Particle physics booklet, 1994, AIP, p.224


How to add a new detector simulation to GSTAR and the Big Full Chain

This document is written by Mikhail Kopytine on October 28, 2002.

BBC is used as an example.

  • Add the geometry and materials description: pams/geometry/bbcmgeo/bbcmgeo.g -- new file (work done by Yiqun Wang)
  • Select the appropriate hit type for the detector. For the BBC, it is a calorimetric hit with time-of-flight information; therefore, I use g2t_ctf_hit. pams/sim/g2t/g2t_bbc.F and pams/sim/g2t/g2t_bbc.idl are new files.
  • g2t_volume_id.g needs to be modified. This function returns volume ID defined within the function itself with a separate scheme for every subsystem; response simulation needs to know about the scheme and use it consistently when it makes decisions about volume elements. In GEANT, volume ID is encoded as an array representing the path to the volume, where array positions correspond to the levels of the hierarchical tree of volumes, and the array elements are IDs of the embedding volumes. Typically, a volume ID returned encodes this hierarchical information within a single integer number where different decimal places correspond to the levels of the tree. For example, here is the addition to the previous version needed to get the BBC code to work.
  • Now we get to the BFC code: St_geant_Maker.cxx needs to be modified to read the hits from the new subsystem. Here are the changes introduced to make this happen. BBCH stands for BBC hit according to the convention; BPOL is the name of the sensitive element as described in pams/geometry/bbcmgeo/bbcmgeo.g . Notice that g2t/St_g2t_bbc_Module.h is a wrapper generated by the infrastructure (based on g2t_bbc.F and g2t_bbc.idl), but one needs to include it in St_geant_Maker.cxx.
  • Finally, StBbcSimulationMaker is a particular StMaker to simulate BBC response. It needs to conform to the standards from classes derived from StMaker. These standards are described by Victor Perevoztchikov. To store the GSTAR hits, it uses the St_g2t_ctf_hit class which is our chosen class (table) for the BBC hit. It existed before.

W 2009 analysis

Plot from DNP2009 presentation

STAR W 2009 analysis

Paper proposals

  1. W+/W- longitudinal single-spin asymmetry

    Title: Measurement of the parity-violating longitudinal single-spin asymmetry
    for W+/W- boson production in polarized p+p collisions at √s=500GeV

    Journal: Physical Review Letters

  2. W-/W+ boson production cross sections

    Title: Measurement of the W-/W+ boson production cross sections
    at mid-rapidity in p+p collisions at √s=500GeV at RHIC

    Journal: Physical Review D

Principal authors